Fabiana Castiglione

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The management of patients with IBD requires evaluation with objective tools, both at the time of diagnosis and throughout the course of the disease, to determine the location, extension, activity and severity of inflammatory lesions, as well as, the potential existence of complications. Whereas endoscopy is a well-established and uniformly performed(More)
BACKGROUND:Three major variants of the CARD15 gene confer susceptibility to Crohn's disease (CD). Whether or not these variants correlate with specific clinical features of the disease is under evaluation.AIM:We investigated the possible association of CARD15 variants with specific clinical characteristics, including the occurrence of anti-Saccharomyces(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) frequently affects women during their reproductive years. Pregnancy outcome in women with IBD is well described, particularly in retrospective studies. AIM To evaluate the pregnancy outcome in patients with IBD in a prospective European multicentre case-control study. METHODS Inflammatory bowel disease(More)
The reproducibility of simultaneous, long-term, ambulatory gastric pH recordings in the antrum and corpus was investigated in nine healthy subjects who underwent three separate, 27-h gastric double pH-metries. Intraindividual reproducibility for the entire 27-h recording period was good in the corpus (Kendall's concordance coefficient, W' = 0.6393, p less(More)
BACKGROUND Three variants of the NOD2/CARD15 gene are strongly associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease; however, striking racial and geographic differences of their frequency have been described. AIMS We have compared the allele frequencies of familial cases of Crohn's disease recruited in a multicentre study across Italy, in order to disclose(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Few data are available on effects of biologic therapies in patients more than 65 years old with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We evaluated the risk and benefits of therapy with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in these patients. METHODS We collected data from patients with IBD treated with infliximab (n = 2475) and adalimumab(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) is frequently localized in the small bowel, with the diagnosis of disease and the assessment of its extension made by ileo-colonoscopy (IC) and small bowel enteroclysis (SBE). Transabdominal bowel sonography (BS) and Tc-99m-HMPAO leukocyte scintigraphy (LS) are increasingly used for the diagnosis of CD because of their(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The effectiveness of adalimumab in the treatment of ulcerative colitis is under debate. Although controlled trials have shown that adalimumab is significantly better than placebo, the absolute clinical benefit is modest. We report data on the effectiveness of adalimumab in a cohort of ulcerative colitis patients treated in 22 Italian(More)
Enteropathic arthritis (EA) is a spondyloarthritis (SpA) which occurs in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) and other gastrointestinal diseases. Diagnosis is generally established on the medical history and physical examination. It was, generally, made according to the European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) criteria. Rheumatic(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with Helicobacter pylori is recognised as a major risk factor for chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. The association between H. pylori infection and iron deficiency anaemia has been established. Multiple mechanisms have been advocated to explain the relationship between H. pylori and iron status and their(More)