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This protocol describes an effective method for the production of spherical microtissues (microspheres), which can be used for a variety of tissue-engineering purposes. The obtained microtissues are well suited for the study of osteogenesis in vitro when multipotent stem cells are used. The dimensions of the microspheres can easily be adjusted according to(More)
Cell-based therapies for bone augmentation after tooth loss and for the treatment of periodontal defects improve healing defects. Usually, osteogenic cells or stem cells are cultivated in 2D primary cultures, before they are combined with scaffold materials, even though this means a loss of the endogenous 3D microenvironment for the cells. Moreover, the use(More)
Complete bone regeneration of critical-size defects frequently fail because of the use of acellular bone substitutes and because of partially negative influences of artificial scaffolds. However, the supply of cells to critical-size defects is essential for the regeneration. Therefore, engineered scaffold-free tissues, with outgrowing cells that fill up(More)
The standard procedure for the osteogenic differentiation of multipotent stem cells is treatment of a confluent monolayer with a cocktail of dexamethasone (Dex), ascorbic acid (Asc) and β-glycerophosphate (β-Gly). This review describes the effects of these substances on intracellular signaling cascades that lead to osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow(More)
Cell-based reconstruction therapies promise new therapeutic opportunities for bone regeneration. Unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSC) from cord blood and embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be differentiated into osteogenic cells. The purpose of this in vivo study was to compare their ability to induce ectopic bone formation in vivo. Human USSCs and murine(More)
In critical-size bone defects, autologous or allogenic cells are required in addition to compatible biomaterials for the successful defect healing. State of the art inoculation methods of biomaterials are based on the application of cell suspensions to the biomaterial. However, only less amounts of cells can be applied and sufficient adhesion to the(More)
It remains unexplored in what way osteogenic stimulation with dexamethasone, ascorbic acid and β-glycerol phosphate (DAG) influences the process of mineralization, the composition and structure of the assembled mineral. Therefore, we analyzed and characterized biomineralization in DAG-stimulated and unstimulated 3D human unrestricted somatic stem cell(More)
Modern cell-based bone reconstruction therapies offer new therapeutic opportunities and tissue engineering represents a more biological-oriented approach to heal bone defects of the skeleton. Human unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSCs) derived form umbilical cord blood offer new promising aspects e.g., can differentiate into osteogenetic cells.(More)
AIM The biocompatibility of human osteoblasts (HOB) and human unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSCs) with membranes (BioGide®, GORE-TEX®, GENTA-FOIL resorb®, RESODONT®, BioMend®, BioMend® Extend™) was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS After osteogenic differentiation (dexamethasone, ascorbic acid and β-glycerolphosphate) cells were seeded on membranes. On(More)
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