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PURPOSE To examine whether parameters of dynamic, contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE MRI) reflect the degree of infiltration and vessel density in corresponding bone marrow biopsy specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS The pelvis of 24 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) was examined using contrast-enhanced DCE MRI. Biopsy was obtained from the spina iliaca posterior(More)
Evaluation of the accuracy of descriptive and physiological parameters calculated from signal intensity–time curves using T1-weighted dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE MRI) to differentiate prostate cancers from the peripheral gland. Twenty-seven patients with prostate cancers were examined with DCE MRI prior radical prostatectomy. Regions of interest were(More)
We present an algorithm for general sparse matrix-matrix multiplication (SpGEMM) on many-core architectures, such as GPUs. SpGEMM is implemented by iterative row merging, similar to merge sort, except that elements with duplicate column indices are aggregated on the fly. The main kernel merges small numbers of sparse rows at once using sub-warps of threads(More)
UNLABELLED Accurate γ-photon attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative PET/MRI as there is no simple relation between MR image intensity and attenuation coefficients. Attenuation maps (μ-maps) can be derived by segmenting MR images and assigning attenuation coefficients to the compartments. Ultrashort-echo-time (UTE) sequences have been used(More)
PURPOSE Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with high temporal resolution enables the detection of microcirculation variables amplitude A and exchange rate constant k(ep). In this study, the prognostic value of the DCE-MRI variables for overall survival and event-free survival in patients with progressive multiple myeloma was(More)
Many different systems and strategies have been evaluated for drug targeting to tumors over the years. Routinely used systems include liposomes, polymers, micelles, nanoparticles and antibodies, and examples of strategies are passive drug targeting, active drug targeting to cancer cells, active drug targeting to endothelial cells and triggered drug(More)
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound has shown convincing results for monitoring vessel morphology, surrogate markers of vascularization and changes in molecular marker expression in oncological and cardiovascular diseases. Ultrasound contrast agents have the ability to increase the backscattering signal intensity of an ultrasound pulse. An interesting class of(More)
To improve the quantification of tissue perfusion using intermittent sonography, a new model describing replenishment kinetics of microbubbles is proposed. The new approach takes into account the variability of blood flow velocities found in vivo, especially in tumors, and consistently describes the refilling process of microbubbles. Based upon this model,(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We investigated whether observing the arterial vascularization of liver metastases by contrast-enhanced ultrasound with low mechanical index (low-MI) imaging offers additional diagnostic information for the characterization of the liver lesions. METHODS Twenty nine patients with untreated liver metastases of different primaries(More)
Noninvasive radiologic imaging has recently gained considerable interest in basic and preclinical research for monitoring disease progression and therapeutic efficacy. In this report, we introduce flat-panel volumetric computed tomography (fpVCT) as a powerful new tool for noninvasive imaging of different organ systems in preclinical research. The(More)