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We present an algorithm for general sparse matrix-matrix multiplication (SpGEMM) on many-core architectures, such as GPUs. SpGEMM is implemented by iterative row merging, similar to merge sort, except that elements with duplicate column indices are aggregated on the fly. The main kernel merges small numbers of sparse rows at once using sub-warps of threads(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis is the consequence of a variety of diseases with no satisfying treatment option. Therapy-induced fibrosis also limits the efficacy of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in numerous cancers. Here, we studied the potential of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (RTKIs) to attenuate radiation-induced(More)
UNLABELLED Accurate γ-photon attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative PET/MRI as there is no simple relation between MR image intensity and attenuation coefficients. Attenuation maps (μ-maps) can be derived by segmenting MR images and assigning attenuation coefficients to the compartments. Ultrashort-echo-time (UTE) sequences have been used(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the identifiability of physiological tissue parameters by pharmacokinetic modeling of concentration-time curves derived under conditions that are realistic for dynamic-contrast-enhanced (DCE) imaging and to assess the information-theoretic approach of multimodel inference using nested models. Tissue curves with a(More)
Stabilized microbubbles with a size between 1-5 µm are used as ultrasound contrast agents in the clinical routine. They have shown convincing results for the vascular characterization of tissues as well as in echocardiography. Due to their size, microbubbles strictly remain intravascular where they can be detected with high sensitivity and specificity. This(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular apoptosis imaging is frequently discussed to be useful for monitoring cancer therapy. We demonstrate that the sole assessment of therapy effects by apoptosis imaging can be misleading, depending on the therapy effect on the tumor vasculature. METHODS Apoptosis was investigated by determining the uptake of Annexin Vivo by optical(More)
AIM Fluorescence-mediated tomography (FMT) holds potential for accelerating diagnostic and theranostic drug development. However, for proper quantitative fluorescence reconstruction, knowledge on optical scattering and absorption, which are highly heterogeneous in different (mouse) tissues, is required. We here describe methods to assess these parameters(More)
  • Marianne E. Mertens, Julia Frese, Deniz Ali Bölükbas, Ladislav Hrdlicka, Susanne Golombek, Sabine Koch +4 others
  • 2014
Non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is gaining significant attention in the field of tissue engineering, since it can provide valuable information on in vitro production parameters and in vivo performance. It can e.g. be used to monitor the morphology, location and function of the regenerated tissue, the integrity, remodeling and resorption of the(More)
The liver is the central organ for detoxification of xenobiotics in the body. In pharmacokinetic modeling, hepatic metabolization capacity is typically quantified as hepatic clearance computed as degradation in well-stirred compartments. This is an accurate mechanistic description once a quasi-equilibrium between blood and surrounding tissue is established.(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhuEpo) is currently under debate for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia due to clinical trials showing adverse effects in Epo-treated patients and the discovery of the erythropoietin-receptor (EpoR) in tumor and endothelial cells. Here, using Epo-Cy5.5 as theranostic near-infrared fluorescent probe we analyzed(More)