Fabian Kiessling

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The vasculature of solid tumours is morphologically aberrant and characterized by dilated and fragile vessels, intensive vessel sprouting and loss of hierarchical architecture. Constant vessel remodelling leads to spontaneous haemorrhages and increased interstitial fluid pressure in the tumour environment. Tumour-related angiogenesis supports tumour growth(More)
Many different systems and strategies have been evaluated for drug targeting to tumors over the years. Routinely used systems include liposomes, polymers, micelles, nanoparticles and antibodies, and examples of strategies are passive drug targeting, active drug targeting to cancer cells, active drug targeting to endothelial cells and triggered drug(More)
PURPOSE To examine whether parameters of dynamic, contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE MRI) reflect the degree of infiltration and vessel density in corresponding bone marrow biopsy specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS The pelvis of 24 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) was examined using contrast-enhanced DCE MRI. Biopsy was obtained from the spina iliaca posterior(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify microcirculation and microvasculature in breast lesions by pharmacokinetic analysis of Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI series. Strongly T1-weighted MR images were acquired in 18 patients with breast lesions using a saturation-recovery-TurboFLASH sequence. Concentration-time courses were determined for blood, pectoral muscle,(More)
Evaluation of the accuracy of descriptive and physiological parameters calculated from signal intensity–time curves using T1-weighted dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE MRI) to differentiate prostate cancers from the peripheral gland. Twenty-seven patients with prostate cancers were examined with DCE MRI prior radical prostatectomy. Regions of interest were(More)
UNLABELLED Accurate γ-photon attenuation correction (AC) is essential for quantitative PET/MRI as there is no simple relation between MR image intensity and attenuation coefficients. Attenuation maps (μ-maps) can be derived by segmenting MR images and assigning attenuation coefficients to the compartments. Ultrashort-echo-time (UTE) sequences have been used(More)
Macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques drive inflammatory responses, degrade lipoproteins, and phagocytose dead cells. MicroRNAs (miRs) control the differentiation and activity of macrophages by regulating the signaling of key transcription factors. However, the functional role of macrophage-related miRs in the immune response during atherogenesis is(More)
Molecular ultrasound is capable of elucidating the expression of angiogenic markers in vivo. However, the capability of the method for volumetric "multitarget quantification" and for the assessment of antiangiogenic therapy response has rather been investigated. Therefore, we generated cyanoacrylate microbubbles linked to vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound has shown convincing results for monitoring vessel morphology, surrogate markers of vascularization and changes in molecular marker expression in oncological and cardiovascular diseases. Ultrasound contrast agents have the ability to increase the backscattering signal intensity of an ultrasound pulse. An interesting class of(More)
Technical developments in both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) have helped to reduce scan times and expedited the development of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) imaging techniques. Since the temporal change of the image signal following the administration of a diffusible, extracellular contrast agent (CA) is related to the(More)