Fa-fa Tian

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AIM The aim of this study was to determine the correlations among hippocampal damage, spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRS), and mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) using pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) kindling model. METHODS Chronic epileptic model was established by administration of PTZ. Behaviour and EEG seizure activity were recorded. Rats' hippocampus were(More)
BACKGROUND One unique feature of chronic human and experimental epilepsy is hippocampal dentate granule cell axon (mossy fiber) sprouting which creates an aberrant positive-feedback circuit that may be epileptogenic. However, the mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. Rho guanine nucleotide triphosphatases (RhoGTP ases) Rac1 and RhoA are(More)
BACKGROUND The most well-documented synaptic reorganization associated with temporal lobe epilepsy is mossy fiber sprouting (MFS), which is believed to play a critical role in epileptogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a proline-directed serine/threonine kinase which is(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of intractable epilepsy and is always accompanied with hippocampal sclerosis. The molecular mechanism of this pathological phenomenon has been extensively explored, yet remains unclear. Previous studies suggest that ion channels, especially calcium channels, might play important roles. Transient receptor(More)
Mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) is a unique feature of chronic epilepsy. However, the molecular signals underlying MFS are still unclear. The repulsive guidance molecule A (RGMa) appears to contribute to axon growth and axonal guidance, and may exert its biological effects by dephosphorylating focal adhesion kinase (FAK) at Tyr397, then regulating the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of expression of Fas-associated proteins and its cellular localization in the peri-infarct region following transient focal cerebral ischemia. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) for 2 h and reperfusion for 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h. The expression of(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the expression of miR-146a in PBMCs obtained from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and healthy controls and to investigate the effect of the inhibition of miR-146a on the activation of AchR specific B cells obtained from mice. The expression of miR-146a levels in PBMCs obtained from patients with MG and healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE A myriad of transcription factors and inflammatory cytokines have been described to participate in the pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). However, the innate immunity components--Toll-like receptors (TLRs)--have never been explored in this disease. We therefore investigated the expression of TLR2, 4 and 9 in the peripheral circulation(More)
Epilepsy is a common and often deleterious neurological condition. Emerging evidence has demonstrated the roles of innate immunity and the associated inflammatory processes in epilepsy. In a previous study, we found that Toll‑like receptors (TLRs) are upregulated and promote mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) in an epileptic model. As downstream effectors of TLRs,(More)
Alterations in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) play a crucial role in fundamental cellular events from transcriptional regulation to migration and proliferation. The transient receptor potential (TRP) channels contribute to changes in [Ca2+]i by providing or modulating Ca2+ entry pathways, as well as by releasing Ca2+ from intracellular stores.(More)