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AIM To study the effects of 1,8-cineol (eucalyptol) on the expression of early growth response factor-1 (Egr-1) and NF-kappaB in the human monocyte THP-1 cell line stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS The THP-1 cells were incubated with serial doses of 1,8-cineol (1, 10, and 100 mg/L, 30 min) before being stimulated with LPS (1 mg/L, 30 min).(More)
The widely adopted use of tamoxifen as a chemotherapeutic agent is primarily based on its inhibition of cancer cell growth. However, we report that tamoxifen at low concentrations (10(-9) and 10(-11) M) causes stimulation of cell proliferation in a cervical cancer cell line, SFR. The facts that SFR cells do not contain estrogen receptors and are estrogen(More)
AIM To study the effects of alpha-pinene on nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) and the expression of the inhibitor of NF-kappa B (I kappa B alpha) in human monocyte THP-1 cell line. METHODS THP-1 cells were incubated with alpha-pinene (1, 10, and 100 mg/L, for 30 min) before being stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg/L,(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms are still not fully understood. Type II pneumocytes are identified as the synthesizing cells of the alveolar surfactant, which has important properties in maintaining alveolar and airway stability. Lung surfactant can reduce(More)
The HCMV IE2 protein promiscuously activates transcription of many viral and cellular genes. IE2 also negatively autoregulates its own expression by binding to a strategically positioned IE2 binding site, called CRS, located immediately downstream of the TATA box of the HCMV major IE promoter. Here we show that IE2 is able to repress transcription driven by(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of Eucalyptus globulus oil on bronchiolitis and mucin hypersecretion in chronic bronchitis induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats. METHOD Rat model was established by intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide 0.2 mg. Pathological changes, alteration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and immunohistochemistry(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of eucalyptus globulus oil on the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB(NF-kappaB) in THP-1 cell line. METHODS THP-1 cells were cultured with or without eucalyptus globulus oil at different concentrations (1, 10, 100 mg x L(-1), 30 min) before being stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg x L(-1), 30 min). The location of(More)
AIM To investigate the mechanism underlying dopaminergic neurotoxicity in the striatum during anoxia. METHODS Using rat striatal slices as an in vitro model, the activity of Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CCDPKII) was examined by the method of substrate phosphorylation 32P-incorporation. RESULTS Anoxia for 30 min greatly reduced CCDPKII(More)
AIM To elucidate the protection of l-stepholidine (SPD) on neuronal morphology and function against the striatal ischemic injury in rat. METHODS The forebrain ishemia to Sprague Dawley rats was induced with four-vessel occlusion. Histological examination was performed on the dorsolateral striatum with cresylviolet stain. In striatal slices of rat as an in(More)
AIM To study the effects of dopamine depletion on the phosphorylation level, intracellular distribution, and mRNA expression of DARPP-32 in the ischemic striatum and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the ischemic injury. METHODS A complex model of SN lesioning with 6-OHDA to deplete dopamine and four vessels occlusion for inducing forebrain ischemia(More)