Learn More
The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome. We also present an initial analysis of the data, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned(More)
Nicastrin, a transmembrane glycoprotein, forms high molecular weight complexes with presenilin 1 and presenilin 2. Suppression of nicastrin expression in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos induces a subset of notch/glp-1 phenotypes similar to those induced by simultaneous null mutations in both presenilin homologues of C. elegans (sel-12 and hop-1). Nicastrin(More)
The presenilins and nicastrin, a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein, form high molecular weight complexes that are involved in cleaving the beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) and Notch in their transmembrane domains. The former process (termed gamma-secretase cleavage) generates amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta), which is involved in the pathogenesis of(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a ubiquitous transcription factor that governs the expression of genes encoding cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, cell adhesion molecules, and some acute phase proteins in health and in various disease states. NF-kappaB is activated by several agents, including cytokines, oxidant free radicals, inhaled particles,(More)
Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) have the potential to survive brain ischemia and participate in neurogenesis after stroke. However, it is not clear how survival responses are initiated in NPCs. Using embryonic mouse NPCs and the in vitro oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) model, we found that angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) could prevent NPCs from OGD-induced(More)
Presenilin 1-null mice die at birth from brain and skeletal developmental deformities due to disrupted Notch signaling. Presenilin 1-null mice also have severely reduced gamma-secretase cleavage of betaAPP. The assumption has been that facilitation of Notch signaling and betaAPP processing by presenilin 1 are analogous functions. Here we describe a(More)
The presenilin (PS) genes associated with Alzheimer disease encode polytopic transmembrane proteins which undergo physiologic endoproteolytic cleavage to generate stable NH2- and COOH-terminal fragments (NTF or CTF) which co-localize in intracellular membranes, but are tightly regulated in their stoichiometry and abundance. We have used linear glycerol(More)
The hormone-specific beta subunits of the four human glycoprotein hormones are homologous, and mapping studies are underway in many laboratories to delineate the amino acid residues responsible for receptor binding and activation. Results on the human choriogonadotropin beta (hCG beta) subunit, obtained using synthetic peptides, chemically modified(More)
Absence of functional presenilin 1 (PS1) protein leads to loss of gamma-secretase cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP), resulting in a dramatic reduction in amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) production and accumulation of alpha- or beta-secretase-cleaved COOH-terminal fragments of betaAPP (alpha- or beta-CTFs). The major COOH-terminal fragment(More)
BACKGROUND Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is overexpressed in a variety of cancers, such as breast, colon, prostate, ovary, and lung cancers. However, the mechanism by which extracellular matrix fibronectin stimulates lung cancer cell migration and invasion through FAK remains to be investigated. METHODS The signalling pathways in fibronectin-mediated lung(More)