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The immune reactivity of allogeneic lymphocytes plays a major role in the control of leukemia after bone marrow transplantation. In patients with recurrent leukemia after marrow transplantation, chimerism and tolerance provide ideal conditions for adoptive immunotherapy with donor lymphocytes. We studied the effect of donor lymphocyte transfusions on acute(More)
Bortezomib (V) was combined with thalidomide (T) and dexamethasone (D) in a phase I/II trial to determine dose-limiting toxicities (DLT's) and clinical activity of the VTD regimen in 85 patients with advanced and refractory myeloma. The starting dose of V was 1.0 mg/m(2) (days 1, 4, 8, 11, every 21 day) with T added from cycle 2 at 50 mg/day, with 50 mg(More)
Melphalan-based autologous stem cell transplant (Mel-ASCT) is a standard therapy for multiple myeloma, but is associated with severe oral mucositis (OM). To identify predictors for severe OM, we studied 381 consecutive newly diagnosed myeloma patients who received Mel-ASCT. Melphalan was given at 200 mg/m2 body surface area (BSA), reduced to 140 mg/m2 for(More)
Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) was originally administered as a single, relatively large dose of lymphocytes called a bulk dose regimen (BDR). It has since been suggested that the use of an escalating dose regimen (EDR) may be equally effective against leukemia while it induces less graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We therefore compared the efficacy and(More)
We prospectively studied 98 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients after bone marrow transplantation by competitive polymerase chain reaction to detect and quantify leukemia-specific BCR-ABL mRNA. Of 69 patients who had persistently undetectable, decreasing, or low BCR-ABL levels ( < 50 transcripts/microgram RNA) on sequential analysis, one (1%)(More)
We evaluated the risk factors for infection of 367 consecutive myeloma patients who underwent high-dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Examination of bone marrow iron stores (BMIS) prior to ASCT was used to evaluate body iron stores. Other variables included age, sex, active smoking, myeloma remission status, severity of(More)
Fourteen patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) relapsing after allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) were treated with leukocyte transfusions from the original marrow donor (sibling, n = 9; volunteer unrelated, n = 5). The relapse was defined at the molecular level in two cases, cytogenetically in five cases and hematologically in seven cases. Ten(More)
We identified 103 consecutive patients who, 5 years after allogeneic transplantation for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), were in molecular remission (MR). The 103 patients were divided into three groups on the basis of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) studies for BCR-ABL transcripts in the first 5 years post transplant: Group A(More)
To evaluate the role of high-dose melphalan and autologous transplant (AT) in reversing dialysis-dependent renal failure, 59 patients still on dialysis at the time of AT were analyzed. A total of 37 patients had been on dialysis < or =6 months. A 5-year event-free and overall survival rate of all patients after AT was 24 and 36%, respectively. Of 54(More)
The clinical status of a homogeneous cohort of long-term survivors of allogeneic marrow transplantation was assessed and residual leukaemia was studied by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for leukaemia specific BCR-ABL mRNA. The group comprised 34 consecutive patients with CML in chronic phase treated by chemoradiotherapy and transplantation(More)