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Tape stripping of human skin elicits a proliferative response of a synchronously-dividing group of cells. The progress of this cohort of cells has been monitored using two windows in the cell cycle, one located in mid-S phase and the other centred around G2 + M. The cellular DNA is measured with flow cytometry, the windows are defined by two ranges in the(More)
Keratin-type intermediate filament proteins show characteristic expression in normal and pathologic epidermis. Some keratins are restricted to the basal cell layers, and others occur exclusively in the suprabasal compartment. SDS-gel-electrophoresis and immunohistochemistry are generally used for the assessment of keratin profiles and their localizations.(More)
Recent investigations have demonstrated that activation of basophils involves the activation of protein kinase C (PKC). In the present study the effects of different nonselective and selective PKC inhibitors on IgE-mediated histamine release from human basophils were investigated. While potent but nonselective inhibitors such as staurosporine exerted a(More)
This report describes an immunocytochemical procedure for the simultaneous quantification of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) incorporated into cellular DNA and total DNA content in individual cells in suspension. Improvement of existing methods was achieved by combining acid denaturation and proteolytic enzyme digestion (0.2 mg/ml pepsin in 2N HCl for 30 min at(More)
The percentage of non-diploid epidermal cells was determined by flow cytometry following application of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) to human skin. Doses in the range 35-500 ng were shown to cause a marked increase in proliferation, the non-diploid cells reaching a maximum between 72 and 96 h after LTB4 application. No difference was observed between the response(More)
Flow cytometric measurements of the DNA content were performed on a large number of skin biopsies by an automated technique. Expressed as a percentage of all viable cells in the epidermis, the figures for cells in S-phase averaged 1.8% and for G2M 0.9%. No significant differences due to sex were found. Concomitantly with age the ratio S/G2M (representing(More)
A sequential double immunoenzymic staining procedure was developed using the monoclonal antibody anti-BrdUrd and Ki67 in order to determine whether hyperproliferative skin disorders, such as psoriasis, are characterized by an increased growth fraction rather than a much shorter cell cycle time of all germinative cells. Ki67 binds to a(More)
The monoclonal antibody Ki67 (Ki67) binds to a nuclear antigen expressed by cycling cells of several human tissues and to the cytoplasm of the basal layer cells of squamous epithelia. We have used an immunohistochemical method to visualize the binding sites of Ki67 in normal and hyperproliferative epidermis. Cytoplasmic staining was present in the basal(More)