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The creation of entirely synthetically derived bone substitute materials which are as effective as autologous bone grafts is desirable. Osteogenesis involves the concerted action of several proteins within a signaling cascade. Hedgehog proteins act upstream of this cascade, inducing the expression of various bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and promoting(More)
Dynorphin 1-17 has been suggested to be the endogenous ligand for kappa opioid receptors. In this study motor effects of dynorphin 1-17, its N-terminal fragments d-Pen2,d-Pen5-enkephalin (DPDPE) and d-Ser2-[Leu5]enkephalin-Thr (DSLET) without or with pretreatment with naloxone, (-)-2-(furylmethyl)-noretacocine (Mr 2266) or tetrodotoxin (TTX) on the isolated(More)
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