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This study evaluated the effects of magnesium supplementation on the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and assesses the actions of magnesium on extracellular and intracellular Ca2+, Na+, and K+ status. Ten-week-old SHR (n = 72) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) (n = 60) were divided into four groups: WKY, Mg-WKY (WKY receiving(More)
Many studies have suggested that there is an association between the sodium status, plasma renin and aldosterone profile and essential hypertension. We measured serum, urine and red blood cell (RBC) sodium and potassium, plasma renin and aldosterone levels in normotensive Whites, normotensive Blacks, mildly hypertensive Blacks, severely hypertensive Blacks(More)
We have compared the efficacy and safety of slow release nifedipine and atenolol given orally as initial treatment for malignant hypertension. Twenty consecutive black patients with untreated malignant hypertension, whose diastolic pressure remained greater than 120 mm Hg after 3 h bed rest, were randomized to receive either slow release nifedipine 40 mg at(More)
Increased sodium ingestion is regarded as a possible aetiological factor in chronic systemic hypertension. In order to assess dietary intake, the 24-hour urinary sodium and potassium excretions were measured in 71 Black (group 1) and 34 White (group 2) normotensive urban male factory workers, all of whom were aged between 30 and 50 years. The 24-hour(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether cellular cation concentrations and cell membrane ATPase activity are altered in patients with malignant hypertension. DESIGN Sixteen black patients with malignant hypertension were studied and compared with age- and sex-matched essential hypertensive and normotensive subjects. Calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium(More)
Serum magnesium, calcium, sodium and potassium, and erythrocyte magnesium, sodium and potassium levels were measured in a selected group of 296 urbanised black male labourers in Johannesburg. Of these, 214 subjects were normotensive and 82 were hypertensive. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between serum and erythrocyte electrolytes,(More)
Alterations in intracellular cation metabolism have been implicated in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension. Total magnesium, calcium, sodium and potassium levels were studied in serum erythrocytes and platelets, from 154 subjects (76 hypertensive and 78 normotensives; 104 blacks and 50 whites). In the combined black and white hypertensive group,(More)
Potassium chloride (KCl) salt (65 mmol) daily reduced BP from 153/104 to 146/101 mmHg in 32 hypertensive black females during a 6-week placebo controlled crossover study. The fall in BP was independent of the order of randomization and was significant for systolic (SBP; P less than 0.01) and diastolic (DBP; P less than 0.05) pressure after 4 weeks. Analysis(More)