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Climate and plant distribution
Preface Acknowledgements 1. History and demonstration 2. Scale 3. World climate 4. Climate and vegetation 5. Climate and the distribution of taxa 6. Digest Index.
Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide
Efforts to control climate change require the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. This can only be achieved through a drastic reduction of global CO2 emissions. Yet fossil fuel emissionsExpand
Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models
The possible responses of ecosystem processes to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate change are illustrated using six dynamic global vegetation models that explicitly represent theExpand
Terrestrial Gross Carbon Dioxide Uptake: Global Distribution and Covariation with Climate
Estimates of spatially distributed GPP and its covariation with climate can help improve coupled climate–carbon cycle process models. Expand
The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change
Stomatal morphology, distribution and behaviour respond to a spectrum of signals, from intracellular signalling to global climatic change, which results from a web of control systems reminiscent of a ‘scale-free’ network, whose untangling requires integrated approaches beyond those currently used. Expand
The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire.
Comparison of global 'fire off' simulations with landcover and treecover maps show that vast areas of humid C(4) grasslands and savannas, especially in South America and Africa, have the climate potential to form forests. Expand
Evaluation of the terrestrial carbon cycle, future plant geography and climate‐carbon cycle feedbacks using five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs)
This study tests the ability of five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs), forced with observed climatology and atmospheric CO2, to model the contemporary global carbon cycle. The DGVMs are alsoExpand
Stomatal numbers are sensitive to increases in CO2 from pre-industrial levels
Experiments have shown that the combination of this previously unreported response ofStomatal density to the level of CO2, with the known responses of stomatal aperture2, cause water use efficiency to be much lower than expected at low levels ofCO2 and over a wide range of humidities. Expand
A global land primary productivity and phytogeography model
A global primary productivity and phytogeography model is described. The model represents the biochemical processes of photosynthesis and the dependence of gas exchange on stomatal conductance, whichExpand
Conservation of Biodiversity in a Changing Climate
*Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, Washington, D.C, 20037, U.S.A.†Climate Change Research Group, Ecology and Conservation, National Botanical Institute, Cape Town,Expand