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Climate and plant distribution
Preface Acknowledgements 1. History and demonstration 2. Scale 3. World climate 4. Climate and vegetation 5. Climate and the distribution of taxa 6. Digest Index.
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Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models
The possible responses of ecosystem processes to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate change are illustrated using six dynamic global vegetation models that explicitly represent theExpand
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Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide
Efforts to control climate change require the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. This can only be achieved through a drastic reduction of global CO2 emissions. Yet fossil fuel emissionsExpand
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Terrestrial Gross Carbon Dioxide Uptake: Global Distribution and Covariation with Climate
Carbon Cycle and Climate Change As climate change accelerates, it is important to know the likely impact of climate change on the carbon cycle (see the Perspective by Reich). Gross primary productionExpand
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The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change
Stomata, the small pores on the surfaces of leaves and stalks, regulate the flow of gases in and out of leaves and thus plants as a whole. They adapt to local and global changes on all timescalesExpand
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The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire.
This paper is the first global study of the extent to which fire determines global vegetation patterns by preventing ecosystems from achieving the potential height, biomass and dominant functionalExpand
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Evaluation of the terrestrial carbon cycle, future plant geography and climate‐carbon cycle feedbacks using five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs)
This study tests the ability of five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs), forced with observed climatology and atmospheric CO2, to model the contemporary global carbon cycle. The DGVMs are alsoExpand
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Stomatal numbers are sensitive to increases in CO2 from pre-industrial levels
Recent measurements of atmospheric CO2 levels in ice cores1 have shown that global CO2 has increased by about 60 µmol mol−1 over the past 200 years. Evidence for the response of plants in the fieldExpand
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A global land primary productivity and phytogeography model
A global primary productivity and phytogeography model is described. The model represents the biochemical processes of photosynthesis and the dependence of gas exchange on stomatal conductance, whichExpand
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The HIC signalling pathway links CO2 perception to stomatal development
Stomatal pores on the leaf surface control both the uptake of CO2 for photosynthesis and the loss of water during transpiration. Since the industrial revolution, decreases in stomatal numbers inExpand
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