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N km --A Proposal for a Neck Protection Criterion for Low-Speed Rear-End Impacts
Soft tissue neck injuries sustained in low speed rear-end collisions are of continued concern in road traffic. To assess the risk of sustaining such injuries, various neck injury criteria have been… Expand
Trauma Biomechanics: Introduction to Accidental Injury
Introduction.- Methods in Trauma-Biomechanics.- Head Injuries.- Spinal Injuries.- Thoracic Injuries.- Abdominal Injuries.- Injuries of the Pelvis and the Lower Extremities.- Injury criteria.-… Expand
[Biomechanical aspects of cervical trauma].
The biomechanical expert opinion on the injury mechanism is necessary in few cases only. However, the judgement of these cases is extremely compromised if mechanically wrong terms are introduced in… Expand
Risk of injury of the cervical spine in sled tests in female volunteers.
BACKGROUND The description of cervical spine motion and the risk to sustain a cervical spine injury is mainly based on cadaver studies. As the active influence of soft tissue is neglected in cadaver… Expand
Consequences for seat design due to rear end accident analysis, sled tests and possible test criteria for reducing cervical spine injuries after rear-end collision
In this study, proposals for head restraint improvement are outlined on the basis of current research activities. New results from accident analysis are discussed like the Quebec Task Force (QTF)… Expand
BIOMECHANICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE REBOUND PHASE IN LOW SPEED REAR END IMPACTS
In rear end collisions, the movement of the occupant can be subdivided into three phases: (1) a relative rearward movement (towards the seat) occurs; (2) due to seat elasticity and deceleration of… Expand
Assessing Femur and Pelvis Injury Risk in Car-Pedestrian Collisions: Comparison of Full Body PMTO Impacts, and a Human Body Finite Element Model
A considerable potential for reducing fatalities of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users lies in the design of car front shapes. Vehicle safety tests have been proposed by the European… Expand
REPORTED SOFT TISSUE NECK INJURIES AFTER REAR-END CAR COLLISIONS
Soft tissue neck injuries or cervical spine distortion (CSD) injuries are dominant injuries in all claimed car collisions. The injury mechanisms are currently not fully understood because some… Expand
On the Role of Cervical Facet Joints in Rear End Impact Neck Injury Mechanisms
Trauma biomechanics : an introduction to injury biomechanics
Introduction -- Methods in Trauma Biomechanics -- Head Injuries -- Spinal Injuries -- Thoracic Injuries -- Abdominal Injuries -- Injuries of the Pelvis and the Lower Extremities -- Injuries of the… Expand