• Publications
  • Influence
TensorFlow: Large-Scale Machine Learning on Heterogeneous Distributed Systems
TLDR
The TensorFlow interface and an implementation of that interface that is built at Google are described, which has been used for conducting research and for deploying machine learning systems into production across more than a dozen areas of computer science and other fields.
Google’s Multilingual Neural Machine Translation System: Enabling Zero-Shot Translation
TLDR
This work proposes a simple solution to use a single Neural Machine Translation (NMT) model to translate between multiple languages using a shared wordpiece vocabulary, and introduces an artificial token at the beginning of the input sentence to specify the required target language.
SmoothGrad: removing noise by adding noise
TLDR
SmoothGrad is introduced, a simple method that can help visually sharpen gradient-based sensitivity maps and lessons in the visualization of these maps are discussed.
Interpretability Beyond Feature Attribution: Quantitative Testing with Concept Activation Vectors (TCAV)
TLDR
Concept Activation Vectors (CAVs) are introduced, which provide an interpretation of a neural net's internal state in terms of human-friendly concepts, and may be used to explore hypotheses and generate insights for a standard image classification network as well as a medical application.
ManyEyes: a Site for Visualization at Internet Scale
TLDR
The design and deployment of Many Eyes is described, a public Web site where users may upload data, create interactive visualizations, and carry on discussions to support collaboration around visualizations at a large scale by fostering a social style of data analysis.
Studying cooperation and conflict between authors with history flow visualizations
TLDR
This paper investigates the dynamics of Wikipedia, a prominent, thriving wiki, and focuses on the relevance of authorship, the value of community surveillance in ameliorating antisocial behavior, and how authors with competing perspectives negotiate their differences.
Talk Before You Type: Coordination in Wikipedia
TLDR
The results suggest that despite the potential for anarchy, the Wikipedia community places a strong emphasis on group coordination, policy, and process.
Participatory Visualization with Wordle
TLDR
The design and usage of Wordle are discussed, and the results suggest that Wordles have become a kind of medium of expression, and that a ldquoparticipatory culturerdquo has arisen around them.
The Word Tree, an Interactive Visual Concordance
  • M. Wattenberg, F. Viégas
  • Computer Science, Medicine
    IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer…
  • 1 November 2008
TLDR
The design of the Word Tree is described, along with some of the technical issues that arise in its implementation, and the results of several months of public deployment of word trees on Many Eyes are discussed, which provides a window onto the ways in which users obtain value from the visualization.
Visualizing and Measuring the Geometry of BERT
TLDR
This paper describes qualitative and quantitative investigations of one particularly effective model, BERT, and finds evidence of a fine-grained geometric representation of word senses in both attention matrices and individual word embeddings.
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