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Molecular phylogeny, historical biogeography, and divergence time estimates for swallowtail butterflies of the genus Papilio (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
Swallowtail butterflies are recognized as model organisms in ecology, evolutionary biology, genetics, and conservation biology but present numerous unresolved phylogenetic problems. We inferredExpand
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Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers
Phylogenetic relationships among major clades of butterflies and skippers have long been controversial, with no general consensus even today. Such lack of resolution is a substantial impediment toExpand
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What causes latitudinal gradients in species diversity? Evolutionary processes and ecological constraints on swallowtail biodiversity.
The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most striking ecological patterns on our planet. Determining the evolutionary causes of this pattern remains a challenging task. To address thisExpand
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Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and taxonomic ranking of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) based on morphology and seven genes.
We tested the taxonomic utility of morphology and seven mitochondrial or nuclear genes in a phylogenetic reconstruction of swallowtail butterflies in the subfamily Parnassiinae. Our data included 236Expand
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Patterns of evolution of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I and II DNA and implications for DNA barcoding.
DNA barcoding has focused increasing attention on the use of specific regions of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I and II genes (COI-COII) to diagnose and delimit species. However, ourExpand
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A partitioned likelihood analysis of swallowtail butterfly phylogeny (Lepidoptera:Papilionidae).
Although it is widely agreed that data from multiple sources are necessary to confidently resolve phylogenetic relationships, procedures for accommodating and incorporating heterogeneity in such dataExpand
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Phylogeny of ips DeGeer species (Coleoptera: scolytidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I DNA sequence.
We used 766 bp of DNA sequence data from the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene to reconstruct a phylogeny for 39 of 43 Ips species, many of which are economically important bark beetles. TheExpand
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DNA-based identification of introduced ermine moth species in North America (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae).
Three sibling species of European small ermine moths of the Yponomeuta padella complex have been collected in North America. To allow identification of fresh as well as dried specimens without hostExpand
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Evolution of the Papilio machaon species group in western Canada (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Three species of the Papilio machaon group live in western Canada: P. machaon, P. zelicaon and P. polyxenes. Most specimens of these three species are distinguished on the basis of morphological,Expand
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INDEPENDENT GENE PHYLOGENIES AND MORPHOLOGY DEMONSTRATE A MALAGASY ORIGIN FOR A WIDE‐RANGING GROUP OF SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLIES
Abstract Madagascar is home to numerous endemic species and lineages, but the processes that have contributed to its endangered diversity are still poorly understood. Evidence is accumulating toExpand
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