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An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.
- D. Dockery, C. A. Pope, F. Speizer
- Environmental ScienceThe New England journal of medicine
- 9 December 1993
It is suggested that fine-particulate air pollution, or a more complex pollution mixture associated with fine particulate matter, contributes to excess mortality in certain U.S. cities.
Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire.
Data indicate that a simple self-administered dietary questionnaire can provide useful information about individual nutrient intakes over a one-year period.
Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of U.S. adults.
- C. A. Pope, M. Thun, C. Heath
- Environmental ScienceAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care…
- 1 March 1995
Increased mortality is associated with sulfate and fine particulate air pollution at levels commonly found in U.S. cities, although the increase in risk is not attributable to tobacco smoking, although other unmeasured correlates of pollution cannot be excluded with certainty.
Reduction in fine particulate air pollution and mortality: Extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities study.
- F. Laden, J. Schwartz, F. Speizer, D. Dockery
- Medicine, Environmental ScienceAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care…
- 15 March 2006
Total, cardiovascular, and lung cancer mortality were each positively associated with ambient PM2.5 concentrations.
The Effect of Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Risk for Coronary Heart Disease
A 1-serving/d increase in fruit or vegetable intake was associated with a 6% lower risk for ischemic stroke, after controlling for standard cardiovascular risk factors, and analyses limited to confirmed cases yielded results very similar to those obtained when all cases were included.
Circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I and risk of breast cancer
A Prospective, Observational Study of Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
- F. Grodstein, J. Manson, G. Colditz, W. Willett, F. Speizer, M. Stampfer
- MedicineAnnals of Internal Medicine
- 19 December 2000
The relation among low-dose estrogen, short-term hormone use, and cardiovascular events in 70 533 postmenopausal women with no previous cardiovascular disease who were followed for up to 20 years is examined.
Relation of meat, fat, and fiber intake to the risk of colon cancer in a prospective study among women.
- W. Willett, M. Stampfer, G. Colditz, B. Rosner, F. Speizer
- MedicineThe New England journal of medicine
- 13 December 1990
These prospective data provide evidence for the hypothesis that a high intake of animal fat increases the risk of colon cancer, and they support existing recommendations to substitute fish and chicken for meats high in fat.
Rotating night shifts and risk of breast cancer in women participating in the nurses' health study.
- E. Schernhammer, F. Laden, G. Colditz
- MedicineJournal of the National Cancer Institute
- 17 October 2001
Women who work on rotating night shifts with at least three nights per month, in addition to days and evenings in that month, appear to have a moderately increased risk of breast cancer after extended periods of working rotating night shift.
The use of a self-administered questionnaire to assess diet four years in the past.
It is demonstrated that useful estimates of nutrient intake several years previously can be obtained by a relatively inexpensive, mailed, self-administered questionnaire.