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The Neandertal type site revisited: Interdisciplinary investigations of skeletal remains from the Neander Valley, Germany
TLDR
This work reports excavations of cave sediments that were removed from the Feldhofer caves in 1856 that yielded over 60 human skeletal fragments, along with a large series of Paleolithic artifacts and faunal material that represents the first interdisciplinary analysis of Neandertal remains incorporating genetic, direct dating, and morphological dimensions simultaneously.
The Excavations in Kebara Cave, Mt. Carmel [and Comments and Replies]
Resultats des fouilles recentes (1982-90) sur le site du Paleolithique moyen de Kebara, Israel. Synthese de la stratigraphie complexe du site et datation. Description des structures spatiales de
Makers of the early Aurignacian of Europe.
TLDR
The overall picture is one of an extended period of cultural contact, involving some degree of genetic exchange, between Neandertals and early modern Europeans, and perhaps for 8,000-10,000 years or longer.
Neanderthal diet at Vindija and Neanderthal predation: the evidence from stable isotopes.
TLDR
The isotope evidence overwhelmingly points to the Neanderthals behaving as top-level carnivores, obtaining almost all of their dietary protein from animal sources, and reinforces current taphonomic assessments of associated faunal elements and makes it unlikely that the Neanderthal were acquiring animal protein principally through scavenging.
Revised direct radiocarbon dating of the Vindija G1 Upper Paleolithic Neandertals.
TLDR
These results and the recent redating of a number of purportedly old modern human skeletal remains in Europe to younger time periods highlight the importance of fine chronological control when studying this biocultural time period and the tenuous nature of monolithic scenarios for the establishment of modern humans and earlier phases of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe.
Direct radiocarbon dates for Vindija G(1) and Velika Pecína late Pleistocene hominid remains.
TLDR
New accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates taken directly on human remains from the Late Pleistocene sites of Vindija and Velika Pecina in the Hrvatsko Zagorje of Croatia raise the question of when early modern humans first dispersed into Europe and have implications for the nature and geographic patterning of biological and cultural interactions between these populations and the Neandertals.
Intonation and fundamental frequency in male-to-female transsexuals.
TLDR
Twenty speakers, diagnosed as male-to-female transsexuals, produced conversational recordings of speech and voice that revealed transsexuals categorized as having female voices had higher fundamental frequencies (fo), less extensive downward intonations, a higher percentage of upward intonation and downward shifts, and a smaller percentage of levelintonations and level shifts.
Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd
TLDR
Radiocarbon measurements from all the key fossils from Vogelherd show that these human remains actually date to the late Neolithic, between 3,900 and 5,000 radiocarbon years before present (bp), weakening the arguments for the Danube Corridor hypothesis and strengthening the view that Neanderthals may have contributed significantly to the development of Upper Palaeolithic cultural traits independent of the arrival of modern humans.
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