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Diabetic Retinopathy: Vascular and Inflammatory Disease
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of visual impairment in the working-age population of the Western world. The pathogenesis of DR is complex and several vascular, inflammatory, andExpand
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Effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on preexisting visual field damage in normal tension glaucoma.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on preexisting visual field damage in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). DESIGN Prospective, randomized,Expand
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Aflibercept in wet AMD: specific role and optimal use
Background Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a naturally occurring glycoprotein in the body that acts as a growth factor for endothelial cells. It regulates angiogenesis, enhances vascularExpand
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Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: A Review of its Effects on Intraocular Pressure
The increase in serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission is considered to be one of the most efficacious medical approach to depression and its related disorders. The selective serotonin reuptakeExpand
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Reduction in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in migraine patients
Migraine is a common disorder and its pathogenesis remains still unclear. Several hypotheses about the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of migraine have been proposed, but the issue is stillExpand
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Mechanism of Inflammation in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease that represents the most common cause of irreversible visual impairment among people over the age of 50 in Europe, the UnitedExpand
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Comparison of smartphone ophthalmoscopy with slit-lamp biomicroscopy for grading diabetic retinopathy.
PURPOSE To assess the accuracy and reliability of smartphone ophthalmoscopy, we compared the ability of a smartphone ophthalmoscope with that of a slit-lamp biomicroscope to grade diabeticExpand
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High doses of cobalt induce optic and auditory neuropathy.
The adverse biological effects of continuous exposure to cobalt and chromium have been well defined. In the past, this toxicity was largely an industrial issue concerning workers exposed inExpand
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Inflammatory Mediators and Angiogenic Factors in Choroidal Neovascularization: Pathogenetic Interactions and Therapeutic Implications
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a common and severe complication in heterogeneous diseases affecting the posterior segment of the eye, the most frequent being represented by age-related macularExpand
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Cystoid macular edema after pars plana vitrectomy for idiopathic epiretinal membrane
BackgroundTo evaluate the incidence of cystoid macular edema (CME) after 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without combined cataract surgery for the treatment of idiopathic epiretinalExpand
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