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Binary Interaction Dominates the Evolution of Massive Stars
More than 70% of all massive stars will exchange mass with a companion, leading to a binary merger in one-third of the cases, greatly exceed previous estimates and imply that binary interaction dominates the evolution of massive stars, with implications for populations ofmassive stars and their supernovae.
An excess of massive stars in the local 30 Doradus starburst
The recent formation history and the initial mass function (IMF) of massive stars in 30 Doradus is determined on the basis of spectroscopic observations of 247 stars more massive than 15 solar masses, and the main episode of massive star formation began about 8 million years ago and seems to have declined in the last 1 My.
The R136 star cluster dissected with Hubble Space Telescope/STIS. I. Far-ultraviolet spectroscopic census and the origin of He II λ1640 in young star clusters
We introduce a Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) stellar census of R136a, the central ionizing star cluster of 30 Doradus. We present low resolution
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. XI. A census of the hot luminous stars and their feedback in 30 Doradus
Context. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey has an extensive view of the copious number of massive stars in the 30 Doradus (30 Dor) star forming region of the Large Magellanic Cloud. These stars play a
The evolution of rotating very massive stars with LMC composition
Context. With growing evidence for the existence of very massive stars at subsolar metallicity, there is an increased need for corresponding stellar evolution models. Aims. We present a dense model
Bonnsai: a Bayesian tool for comparing stars with stellar evolution models
Powerful telescopes equipped with multi-fibre or integral field spectrographs combined with detailed models of stellar atmospheres and automated fitting techniques allow for the analysis of large
The HD5980 multiple system: Masses and evolutionary status
New spectroscopic observations of the LBV/WR multiple system HD5980 in the Small Magellanic Cloud are used to address the question of the masses and evolutionary status of the two very luminous stars
Because the majority of massive stars are born as members of close binary systems, populations of massive main-sequence stars contain stellar mergers and products of binary mass transfer. We simulate
Evolution of Mass Functions of Coeval Stars through Wind Mass Loss and Binary Interactions
Accurate determinations of stellar mass functions and ages of stellar populations are crucial to much of astrophysics. We analyse the evolution of stellar mass functions of coeval main sequence stars
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XVII. Physical and wind properties of massive stars at the top of the main sequence
The evolution and fate of very massive stars (VMS) is tightly connected to their mass-loss properties. Their initial and final masses differ significantly as a result of mass loss. VMS have strong