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Vision Substitution by Tactile Image Projection
WE describe here a vision substitution system which is being developed as a practical aid for the blind and as a means of studying the processing of afferent information in the central nervous…
Electrocutaneous Stimulation for Sensory Communication in Rehabilitation Engineering
Physiological and psychophysical functions underlying electrocutaneous stimulation are discussed, including a comparative review of stimulus parameters and coding formats. Procedures are recommended…
Seeing with the skin
After surprisingly little training, Ss are able to recognize common objects and to describe their arrangement in three-dimensional space and achieve external subjective localization of the percepts when given control of the sensing and imaging device, a television camera.
Information transmission across the skin: high-resolution tactile sensory aids for the deaf and the blind.
- F. Saunders
- MedicineThe International journal of neuroscience
- 1 May 1983
An electrotactile sensory aid for profoundly deaf children, which displays acoustic information on the skin of the abdomen, via a belt of elect rotactile stimulators, and the resulting tactile patterns provide cues for recognizing environmental sounds, enhance the accuracy of lipreading, and enable the child to monitor his/her own voice.
An electrotactile sound detector for the deaf
- F. Saunders
- 1 June 1973
The electrotactile sound detector described here is designed to enable deaf persons to detect and localize sounds. Two microphones are worn bilaterally on the head, the sounds received are converted…
Evaluation of two multichannel tactile aids for the hearing impaired.
- J. Weisenberger, S. R. Broadstone, F. Saunders
- PsychologyThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
- 1 November 1989
Two multichannel tactile devices for the hearing impaired were compared in speech perception tasks of varying levels of complexity and showed both devices to be better transmitters of manner and voicing features of articulation than of place features, when tested in single-item tasks.
A TACTILE VISION SUBSTITUTION SYSTEM*
- P. Bach-y-Rita, C. Collins, B. White, F. Saunders, L. Scadden, R. Blomberg
- EngineeringAmerican journal of optometry and archives of…
- 1 February 1969
ABSTRACT A prototype of a tactile television system has been developed, in which a television camera image is projected onto the skin of the back by means of vibrating electromechanical stimulators.…
A wearable tactile sensory aid for profoundly deaf children
A field evaluation was conducted in a classroom for profoundly deaf children, to determine the effects upon speech production of experience with a tactile sensory aid. The aid displays sound…
PSYCHOMOTOR EPILEPSY: REHABILITATION AFTER SURGICAL TREATMENT
- M. Horowitz, F. Cohen, A. Skolnikoff, F. Saunders
- Medicine, PsychologyThe Journal of nervous and mental disease
- 1 April 1970
Whatever the procedure, lobectomy or lesion, psychosocial rehabilitation does not automatically occur with seizure relief, and the outcome of surgery cannot be judged until years after the event.
Development of a Plato-Based Curriculum for Tactile Speech Recognition
This project has initiated the development of a PLATO-based curriculum, teaching profoundly deaf children to understand speech sounds which are presented as touch patterns on the abdomen, via a new sensory aid, the teletactor.