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International Variability of Ages at Menarche and Menopause: Patterns and Main Determinants
TLDR
It is suggested that, on a large scale, age at menarche is mainly determined by extrinsic factors such as living conditions, whileAge at menopause seems to be mainly influenced by intrinsic factorssuch as the reproductive history of individuals.
African great apes are natural hosts of multiple related malaria species, including Plasmodium falciparum
TLDR
It is shown that gorillas are naturally infected by two related lineages of parasites that have not been described previously, herein referred to as Plasmodium GorA and P. GorB, but also by P. falciparum, a species previously considered as strictly human specific.
The Recent Evolution of a Maternally-Inherited Endosymbiont of Ticks Led to the Emergence of the Q Fever Pathogen, Coxiella burnetii
TLDR
This corpus of data demonstrates that C. burnetii recently evolved from an inherited symbiont of ticks which succeeded in infecting vertebrate cells, likely by the acquisition of novel virulence factors.
Bridging gaps in the molecular phylogeny of the Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata), vectors of Fascioliasis
TLDR
This phylogeny provides insights into the evolutionary relationships among genera and species and demonstrates that the nomenclature of most genera in the Lymnaeidae does not reflect evolutionary relationships.
A New Malaria Agent in African Hominids
TLDR
The discovery of a new Plasmodium species infecting Hominids has been isolated in two chimpanzees kept as pets by villagers in Gabon and analysis of its complete mitochondrial genome reveals an older divergence of this lineage from the clade that includes P. falciparum.
Genome sequencing of chimpanzee malaria parasites reveals possible pathways of adaptation to human hosts
TLDR
The genomic basis of P. falciparum adaptation to human hosts is explored by fully sequencing the genome of the closely related chimpanzee parasite species P. reichenowi, and obtaining partial sequence data from a more distantly related chimpanzees parasite (P. gaboni).
Meager genetic variability of the human malaria agent Plasmodium vivax.
TLDR
It is inferred that the world expansion of P. vivax as a human parasite occurred recently, perhaps <10,000 years ago; the differential variability of the TRs may reflect selective processes acting on particular regions of the genome.
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