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Early detection of toxigenic fungi on maize by hyperspectral imaging analysis.
The results show that the hyperspectral imaging is able to rapidly discriminate commercial maize kernels infected with toxigenic fungi from uninfected controls when traditional methods are not yet effective. Expand
The revenge of time: fungal deterioration of cultural heritage with particular reference to books, paper and parchment.
In order to prevent fungal contamination or to treat already contaminated objects an integrated approach including climate control, material-specific cleaning and application of carefully selected biocides is necessary. Expand
The extreme environment of a library: Xerophilic fungi inhabiting indoor niches
The use of Compactus shelves by libraries and archives is a good solution to optimize the storage space and prevent dust deposits on books. However, they are probably the cause of severe cases ofExpand
Use of biochemical indices in the mediterranean environment: comparison among soils under different forest vegetation.
Soils with above-ground diversity were characterised by high mineralization activity when compared with those sampled under monospecific vegetation, and the q(CO2), indicator of the stability of ecosystems, was enhanced by plant diversity, while the Cmic:Corg ratio was reduced. Expand
Salinity and Bacterial Diversity: To What Extent Does the Concentration of Salt Affect the Bacterial Community in a Saline Soil?
It emerged that a patchy saline soil can not contain just a single microbial community selected to withstand extreme osmotic phenomena, but many communities that can be variously correlated to one or more environmental parameters. Expand
Molecular and Microscopical Investigation of the Microflora Inhabiting a Deteriorated Italian Manuscript Dated from the Thirteenth Century
Molecular methods, including PCR, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), and clone libraries, were used as a sensitive alternative to conventional cultivation techniques and revealed a high biodiversity of both bacteria and fungi inhabiting the manuscript. Expand
Application of molecular techniques for identification of fungal communities colonising paper material
A DNA extraction protocol was introduced, which allowed the direct extraction of PCR-amplifiable DNA from samples derived from different kinds of paper, and Pure fungal strains were used to constitute a marker for further comparative investigations of historic papers. Expand
Unmasking the measles-like parchment discoloration: molecular and microanalytical approach
It is proposed that a relationship exists between the phenomenon of purple spots on ancient parchments and that of the ‘red heat’ phenomenon, known to be present in some products manufactured with marine salt. Expand
Mould Growth on Library Materials Stored in Compactus-Type Shelving Units
Compactus-type shelving is widely used for the storage of items in libraries, archives and museums, since it allows for a more efficient use of space, provides adequate protection against dust, andExpand
Non-destructive spectroscopic characterization of parchment documents
Abstract Membranaceous substrates – widely found in library heritage – are truly challenging, due to the variety of manufacturing traditions, the intrinsic variability of the animal's skin and theExpand