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Age-related cognitive decline during normal aging: the complex effect of education.
The purpose of this study was to further analyze the effects of education on cognitive decline during normal aging. An 806-subject sample was taken from five different Mexican regions. ParticipantsExpand
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Illiteracy: the neuropsychology of cognition without reading.
Illiterates represent a significant proportion of the world's population. Written language not only plays a role in mediating cognition, but also extends our knowledge of the world. Two major reasonsExpand
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NEUROPSI: a brief neuropsychological test battery in Spanish with norms by age and educational level.
The purpose of this research was to develop, standardize, and test the reliability of a short neuropsychological test battery in the Spanish language. This neuropsychological battery was namedExpand
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Sensitivity and Specificity of the Mini-Mental State Examination in a Spanish-Speaking Population
The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1975) was given to a total of 430 normal participants divided into 3 age ranges (16-50, 51-65, and 66-89) and 4 educationalExpand
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Neuropsychological test performance in illiterate subjects.
The purpose of this study was to further analyze the effects of education across different age ranges on neuropsychological test performance. Two different analyses were performed. The first analysisExpand
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Cognitive testing toward the future: The example of Semantic Verbal Fluency (ANIMALS)
We are proposing that, in the future, tests included in psychological and neuropsychological batteries should fulfil the following criteria. (1) Have a large enough normative database (“normativeExpand
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Syntactic Comprehension, Verbal Memory, and Calculation Abilities in Spanish-English Bilinguals
This article analyzes the interfering effect of the second language (L2) on the first language (L1) in native Spanish speakers living in the United States. We examined 3 linguistic aspects: (a)Expand
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NEUROPSI ATTENTION AND MEMORY: A Neuropsychological Test Battery in Spanish with Norms by Age and Educational Level
Health care professionals are now faced with a growing number of patients from different ethnic groups, and from different socioeconomical backgrounds. In the field of neuropsychology there is anExpand
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Learning to read is much more than learning to read: A neuropsychologically based reading program
Departing from the observation that illiterates significantly underscore in some neuropsychological tests, a learning-to-read method named NEUROALFA was developed. NEUROALFA is directed to reinforceExpand
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