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Psychiatric aspects of impulsivity.
OBJECTIVE The authors discuss the relationship of impulsivity to psychiatric disorders and present selected hypotheses regarding the reasons for these relationships. METHOD Previous research hasExpand
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The impact of impulsivity on cocaine use and retention in treatment.
To determine whether impulsivity was related to severity of drug use and treatment outcome, 50 cocaine dependent subjects underwent baseline measures of severity of current cocaine use and theExpand
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Two models of impulsivity: relationship to personality traits and psychopathology
BACKGROUND Impulsivity is prominent in psychiatric disorders. Two dominant models of impulsivity are the reward-discounting model, where impulsivity is defined as inability to wait for a largerExpand
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Increased impulsivity associated with severity of suicide attempt history in patients with bipolar disorder.
BACKGROUND Impulsivity is a prominent and measurable characteristic of bipolar disorder that can contribute to risk for suicidal behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate theExpand
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New developments in human neurocognition: clinical, genetic, and brain imaging correlates of impulsivity and compulsivity
Impulsivity and compulsivity represent useful conceptualizations that involve dissociable cognitive functions, which are mediated by neuroanatomically and neurochemically distinct components ofExpand
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Impulsivity: a link between bipolar disorder and substance abuse.
BACKGROUND Substance abuse is present in most patients with bipolar disorder and associated with poor treatment outcome and increased risk of suicide. Increased impulsivity may be a link betweenExpand
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P50, N100, and P200 sensory gating: relationships with behavioral inhibition, attention, and working memory.
P50, N100, and P200 auditory sensory gating could reflect mechanisms involved in protecting higher-order cognitive functions, suggesting relationships between sensory gating and cognition. ThisExpand
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Agonist-Like or Antagonist-Like Treatment for Cocaine Dependence with Methadone for Heroin Dependence: Two Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trials
Concurrent abuse of cocaine and heroin is a common problem. Methadone is effective for opioid dependence. The question arises as to whether combining agonist-like or antagonist-like medication forExpand
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Behavioral impulsivity paradigms: a comparison in hospitalized adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders.
BACKGROUND Behavioral impulsivity paradigms vary widely and studies using these measures have typically relied on a single measure used in isolation. As a result, comparisons between measures areExpand
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Personality traits and vulnerability or resilience to substance use disorders
Clear evidence supports a genetic basis for substance use disorders (SUD). Yet, the search to identify individual gene contributions to SUD has been unsuccessful. Here, we argue for the study ofExpand
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