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The Potential Impact of Expanding Antiretroviral Therapy and Combination Prevention in Vietnam: Towards Elimination of HIV Transmission
Background:Few studies have assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to prevent HIV transmission in Asian HIV epidemics. Vietnam has a concentrated HIV epidemic with the highestExpand
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HIV and infections of similar transmission patterns in a drug injectors community of Santos, Brazil.
To study the prevalence of HIV and infections with related transmission patterns, we interviewed and obtained blood samples from 220 injecting drug users (IDUs), sampled by snowballing, from the cityExpand
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Accelerating harm reduction interventions to confront the HIV epidemic in the Western Pacific and Asia: the role of WHO (WPRO)
The epidemic of HIV/AIDS linked to injecting drug usage is one of the most explosive in recent years. After a historical epicentre in Europe, South and North America, at present it is clearly theExpand
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Trends of HIV Infection Among Injection Drug Users in Brazil in the 1990s: The Impact of Changes in Patterns of Drug Use
Background: Santos Metropolitan Region (SMR), State of Sao Paulo, historically is well known as being one of the areas with the largest number of AIDS cases in Brazil, especially among injection drugExpand
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Brazilian network for HIV Drug Resistance Surveillance (HIV‐BresNet): a survey of treatment‐naive individuals
In Brazil, more than 487,450 individuals are currently undergoing antiretroviral treatment. In order to monitor the transmission of drug‐resistant strains and HIV subtype distribution in the country,Expand
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The basic reproduction ratio of HIV among intravenous drug users.
A new approach for the estimation of the Basic Reproduction Ratio R0 for HIV among intravenous drug users (IVDU) is proposed. This approach is based in an adaptation of the models proposed by RossExpand
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Public health the leading force of the Indonesian response to the HIV/AIDS crisis among people who inject drugs
IssueIndonesia has an explosive HIV/AIDS epidemic starting from the beginning of this century, and it is in process to build its response. Reported AIDS cases doubled from 2003 – 2004, andExpand
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Establishment of the serologic testing algorithm for recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconversion (STARHS) strategy in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
Several strategies aim at characterizing the AIDS epidemic in different parts of the world. Among these, the identification of recent HIV-1 infections using the recently described serologic testingExpand
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The Brazilian comprehensive response to hepatitis C: from strategic thinking to access to interferon-free therapy
BackgroundHepatitis C affects over 185 million people around the world. This silent disease is responsible for up to 700,000 deaths per year. Despite the scientific revolution in diagnosis andExpand
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HIV Prevalence among Pregnant Women in Brazil: A National Survey.
Background This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Brazil and to describe HIV testing coverage and the uptake of antenatal care (ANC). Methods BetweenExpand
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