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Global Desertification: Building a Science for Dryland Development
TLDR
The DDP, supported by a growing and well-documented set of tools for policy and management action, helps navigate the inherent complexity of desertification and dryland development, identifying and synthesizing those factors important to research, management, and policy communities. Expand
Refining the stress-gradient hypothesis for competition and facilitation in plant communities
TLDR
The extension of the SGH presented here provides specific and testable hypotheses to foster research and helps to reconcile potential discrepancies among previous studies. Expand
Facilitation in plant communities: the past, the present, and the future
TLDR
There is substantial scope for exploring indirect facilitative effects in plant communities, including their impacts on diversity and evolution, and future studies should connect the degree of non-transitivity in plant competitive networks to community diversity and facilitative promotion of species coexistence. Expand
Impacts of shrub encroachment on ecosystem structure and functioning: towards a global synthesis.
TLDR
It was revealed that encroachment had mixed effects on ecosystem structure and functioning at global scales, and that shrub traits influence the functional outcome of encroachment. Expand
Plant Species Richness and Ecosystem Multifunctionality in Global Drylands
TLDR
A global empirical study relating plant species richness and abiotic factors to multifunctionality in drylands, which collectively cover 41% of Earth’s land surface and support over 38% of the human population, suggests that the preservation of plant biodiversity is crucial to buffer negative effects of climate change and desertification in dryland. Expand
Environmental impacts of utility-scale solar energy
Renewable energy is a promising alternative to fossil fuel-based energy, but its development can require a complex set of environmental tradeoffs. A recent increase in solar energy systems,Expand
Is the change of plant–plant interactions with abiotic stress predictable? A meta‐analysis of field results in arid environments
TLDR
As the predictions of current theoretical models regarding the relationship between the net outcome of a plant‐plant interaction and abiotic stress do not hold in arid and semi-arid environments, different models are needed. Expand
A global atlas of the dominant bacteria found in soil
TLDR
This study narrows down the immense number of bacterial taxa to a “most wanted” list that will be fruitful targets for genomic and cultivation-based efforts aimed at improving the understanding of soil microbes and their contributions to ecosystem functioning. Expand
Microbial diversity drives multifunctionality in terrestrial ecosystems
TLDR
The findings provide empirical evidence that any loss in microbial diversity will likely reduce multifunctionality, negatively impacting the provision of services such as climate regulation, soil fertility and food and fibre production by terrestrial ecosystems. Expand
Climate and litter quality differently modulate the effects of soil fauna on litter decomposition across biomes.
TLDR
The results advocate for the inclusion of biome-specific soil fauna effects on litter decomposition as a mean to reduce the unexplained variation in large-scale decomposition models. Expand
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