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Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications: recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network* and Orofacial Pain Special…
- E. Schiffman, R. Ohrbach, S. Dworkin
- Medicine, PsychologyJournal of oral & facial pain and headache
The newly recommended evidence-based new DC/TMD protocol is appropriate for use in both clinical and research settings and includes both a valid screener for detecting any pain-related TMD as well as valid diagnostic criteria for differentiating the most common pain- related TMD.
Bruxism defined and graded: an international consensus.
The expert group defined bruxism as a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterised by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible and proposed a diagnostic grading system of 'possible', 'probable' and 'definite' sleep or awake bruXism.
International consensus on the assessment of bruxism: Report of a work in progress
There is a need for an updated consensus on a definition of bruxism as repetitive masticatory muscle activity characterised by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible to be confirmed.
Research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review of axis I epidemiologic findings.
Bruxism is mainly regulated centrally, not peripherally.
Taken all evidence together, bruxism appears to be mainly regulated centrally, not peripherally, and may be modulated by various neurotransmitters in the central nervous system.
Role of psychosocial factors in the etiology of bruxism.
Wake clenching seems to be associated with psychosocial factors and a number of psychopathological symptoms, while there is no evidence to relate sleep bruxism with Psychosocial disorders.
Expanding the taxonomy of the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders.
The expanded TMDs taxonomy offers an integrated approach to clinical diagnosis and provides a framework for further research to operationalise and test the proposed taxonomy and diagnostic criteria.
Dental implants in patients with bruxing habits.
Although there is still no proof for the suggestion that bruxism causes an overload of dental implants and of their suprastructures, there are a few practical guidelines as to minimize the chance of implant failure.
Relationship between bruxism and temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review of literature from 1998 to 2008.