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Lathyrus improvement for resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses: From classical breeding to marker assisted selection
This paper reviews research work on Lathyrus breeding focusing mainly on biotic and abiotic resistance improvement, and lists current developments in biotechnologies to identify challenges for Lath Cyrus improvement in the future. Expand
New functional legume foods by germination: effect on the nutritive value of beans, lentils and peas
To achieve legume flours with enhanced nutritive value, 6 days of germination in the presence of light for beans and lentils, and in darkness for peas can be suggested. Expand
Neurolathyrism risk depends on type of grass pea preparation and on mixing with cereals and antioxidants
To study an array of household individual and dietary risk factors for neurolathyrism, a large number of patients with confirmed or suspected cases of the disease have had no known underlying cause. Expand
Amino acid profiles and protein quality of cooked cassava leaves or ‘saka‐saka’
The consumption of cassava leaves does not compensate the dietary deficiency of sulphur amino acids in the roots that are the staple food in konzo-affected areas, and Cereals and legumes should be promoted as part of the diet in those areas to prevent the paralytic neuro-toxico-nutritional disease k onzo among the poor population. Expand
Solid‐state fermentation of Lathyrus sativus seeds using Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oligosporus sp T‐3 to eliminate the neurotoxin β‐ODAP without loss of nutritional value
The presence of a neurotoxic amino acid, 3-N-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (β-ODAP), in the seeds of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) is the cause of an irreversible spastic paraparesis,Expand
Effects of different germination conditions on the contents of free protein and non-protein amino acids of commercial legumes
After germination of beans, histidine, glutamate, glycine, arginine, tyrosine and tryptophan contents decreased while, in lentils and peas, FPA increased after germination, and the highest FNPA content was found in peas after dark germination. Expand
Epidemic of neurolathyrism in Ethiopia
Overconsumption of the drought-tolerant grasspea triggered an epidemic of neurodegenerative neurolathyrism in Northeast Ethiopia, and environmental, nutritional, and medical factors seem to affect the susceptibility. Expand
From soil to brain: zinc deficiency increases the neurotoxicity of Lathyrus sativus and may affect the susceptibility for the motorneurone disease neurolathyrism.
Soils, depleted in micronutrients from flooding by monsoon rains or otherwise poor in available zinc and with high iron content (Ethiopian vertisols), may be responsible for higher incidence of human lathyrism, one of the oldest neurotoxic diseases known to man. Expand
Neuroactive and other free amino acids in seed and young plants of Panax ginseng.
Glutamine and arginine were the two major free proteinogenic amino acids in the ginseng plants and together they constituted over 50% of all the free amino acids detected in the root. Expand
Is lathyrism still endemic in northern Ethiopia? – The case of Legambo Woreda (district) in the South Wollo Zone, Amhara National Regional State
Background : Lathyrism is a neurotoxic disorder caused by over consumption of grass pea (lathyrism sativus). It is endemic in Ethiopia, India and Bangladesh. The fact that grass pea usually tends toExpand