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Two Shorter Forms of the CES-D Depression Symptoms Index
Brief measurement devices can alleviate respondent burden and lower refusal rates in surveys. This article reports on a field test of two shorter forms of the Center for Epidemiological StudiesExpand
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Two shorter forms of the CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression) depression symptoms index.
Brief measurement devices can alleviate respondent burden and lower refusal rates in surveys. This article reports on a field test of two shorter forms of the Center for Epidemiological StudiesExpand
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DAI--the dental aesthetic index
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Evaluation of the Faces Pain Scale for use with the elderly.
OBJECTIVE The specific objective for this research was to determine initial psychometric properties of the Faces Pain Scale (FPS) as a measure of pain intensity for use with the elderly. DESIGN TheExpand
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Changes in the molar relationship between the deciduous and permanent dentitions: a longitudinal study.
The purpose of this study was to describe the changes in the molar relationship from the deciduous dentition to the permanent dentition in 121 subjects from the Iowa Longitudinal Growth Study. InExpand
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Prevalence and Functional Correlates of Low Back Pain in the Elderly: The Iowa 65+ Rural Health Study
As part of an interview survey of a defined population of 3,097 rural persons 65 years and older (the Iowa 65+ Rural Health Study), the prevalence and functional correlates of specifically definedExpand
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Utility of the dental aesthetic index in industrialized and developing countries.
To be truly useful, an index must be applicable universally without modification. The data presented in this article support the use of the standard DAI without modification to assess need forExpand
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Low cholesterol concentrations and severe depressive symptoms in elderly people
Abstract Objective : To investigate the reported association between low serum cholestrol concentration and severe depressive symptoms in an elderly population. Design : Cross sectional analysis ofExpand
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Infants' fluoride ingestion from water, supplements and dentifrice.
Concerns about dental fluorosis and the paucity of detailed fluoride intake data prompted this longitudinal study of fluoride intake in infants from birth to 9 months of age. On average, waterExpand
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Infants' Fluoride Intake from Drinking Water Alone, and from Water Added to Formula, Beverages, and Food
In infants, the majority of total ingested fluoride is obtained from water, formula and beverages prepared with water, baby foods, and dietary fluoride supplements. Few studies have investigated theExpand
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