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Modern pathophysiology and treatment of esophageal diverticula
IntroductionEsophageal diverticula are rare. They may occur in the pharyngoesophageal area (Zenker's), midesophagus, or distally (epiphrenic). A motility disorder (either at the level of theExpand
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The 2018 ISDE achalasia guidelines.
Achalasia is a relatively rare primary motor esophageal disorder, characterized by absence of relaxations of the lower esophageal sphincter and of peristalsis along the esophageal body. As a result,Expand
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Epiphrenic Diverticulum of the Esophagus. From Pathophysiology to Treatment
IntroductionEpiphrenic diverticula of the esophagus are usually associated with a concomitant esophageal motility disorder. The main symptoms experienced by patients are dysphagia, regurgitation, andExpand
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Pathophysiology of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disease pathophysiology is multifactorial and linked to a misbalance between the aggressiveness of the refluxate into the esophagus or adjacent organs and the failure ofExpand
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The Prevalence of Distal and Proximal Gastroesophageal Reflux in Patients Awaiting Lung Transplantation
Objective:To determine the prevalence and proximal extent of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) in patients awaiting lung transplantation. Background:GERD has been postulated to contribute to acceleratedExpand
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease: From pathophysiology to treatment.
This review focuses on the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its implications for treatment. The role of the natural anti-reflux mechanism (lower esophageal sphincter,Expand
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease in the obese: Pathophysiology and treatment.
Obesity is a condition that has increased all over the world in the last 3 decades. Overweight and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are related. GERD may have different causative factors in theExpand
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Treatment of achalasia: lessons learned with Chagas' disease.
Chagas' disease (CD) is highly prevalent in South America. Brazilian surgeons and gastroenterologists gained valuable experience in the treatment of CD esophagopathy (chagasic achalasia) due to theExpand
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Thoracoscopic resection of esophageal duplication cysts.
Esophageal duplication is a rare congenital esophageal disorder. Surgical excision is the standard treatment for symptomatic esophageal duplication cysts. Traditionally, the resection is accomplishedExpand
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Achalasia and Epiphrenic Diverticulum
Esophageal epiphrenic diverticulum (EED) is a pseudodiverticulum of pulsion type located in the distal 10 cm of the esophagus and frequently associated to achalasia. The symptoms and theExpand
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