Share This Author
Blombos Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa : Preliminary report on the 1992-1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age levels
The Later- and Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave (BBC) were excavated over four field seasons between 1992 and 1999. Here we report on the results from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) levels. The…
Dental microwear texture analysis shows within-species diet variability in fossil hominins
Results for living primates show that this approach can distinguish among diets characterized by different fracture properties, and microwear texture analysis indicates that Australopithecus africanus microwear is more anisotropic, but also more variable in anisotropy than Paranthropus robustus.
Cosmopolitanism among Gondwanan Late Cretaceous mammals
- D. Krause, G. Prasad, W. Koenigswald, A. Sahni, F. Grine
- Geography, Environmental ScienceNature
- 4 December 1997
The occurrence of a highly specialized and distinctive group of extinct mammals, the Sudamericidae (Gondwanatheria), in the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar and India is reported, which is the first evidence of gondwanatheres outside South America and the first indication of cosmopolitanism among Late CRETaceous Gondwanan mammals.
Inferring hominoid and early hominid phylogeny using craniodental characters: the role of fossil taxa.
Fossil Homo femur from Berg Aukas, northern Namibia.
- F. Grine, W. Jungers, P. V. Tobias, O. Pearson
- BiologyAmerican journal of physical anthropology
- 1 June 1995
The proximal half of a hominid femur was recovered from deep within a paleokarst feature at the Berg Aukas mine, northern Namibia. The femur is fully mineralized, but it is not possible to place it…
A reappraisal of early hominid phylogeny.
A new cladistic analysis of early hominid relationships concluded that the "robust" australopithecines form a clade, A. afarensis is the sister taxon of all other hominids, and the genus Australopithecus, as conventionally defined, is paraphyletic.
Diet of Paranthropus boisei in the early Pleistocene of East Africa
- T. Cerling, E. Mbua, K. Uno
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2 May 2011
Stable isotopes are used to show that Paranthropus boisei had a diet that was dominated by C4 biomass such as grasses or sedges, which may indicate that the remarkable craniodental morphology of this taxon represents an adaptation for processing large quantities of low-quality vegetation rather than hard objects.
Dental evidence for dietary differences in Australopithecus and Paranthropus: a quantitative analysis of permanent molar microwear
- F. Grine
- Environmental Science
- 1 December 1986
Isotopic evidence of early hominin diets
- M. Sponheimer, Z. Alemseged, J. Wynn
- Environmental Science, GeographyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 3 June 2013
There is a trend toward greater consumption of 13C-enriched foods in early hominins over time, although this trend varies by region, and hominin carbon isotope ratios also increase with postcanine tooth area and mandibular cross-sectional area, which could indicate that these foods played a role in the evolution of australopith masticatory robusticity.
Diet in early Homo : A review of the evidence and a new model of adaptive versatility
Early Homo species more likely had adaptations for flexible, versatile subsistence strategies that would have served them well in the variable paleoenvironments of the African Plio-Pleistocene.