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Templates in Chess Memory: A Mechanism for Recalling Several Boards
This paper addresses empirically and theoretically a question derived from the chunking theory of memory (Chase & Simon, 1973a, 1973b): To what extent is skilled chess memory limited by the size ofExpand
  • 509
  • 42
  • Open Access
Expert memory: a comparison of four theories
  • F. Gobet
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Cognition
  • 2 May 1998
This paper compares four current theories of expertise with respect to chess players' memory: Chase and Simon's chunking theory, Holding's SEEK theory, Ericsson and Kintsch's long-term working memoryExpand
  • 240
  • 24
  • Open Access
The Roles of Recognition Processes and Look-Ahead Search in Time-Constrained Expert Problem Solving: Evidence From Grand-Master-Level Chess
Chess has long served as an important standard task environment for research on human memory and problem-solving abilities and processes In this article, we report evidence on the relative importanceExpand
  • 170
  • 17
  • Open Access
Development of expertise
An expert is a person whose performance in a given domain is superior to that of the large majority of the population. Recursively, a super-expert is an expert whose performance is superior to thatExpand
  • 61
  • 16
  • Open Access
Chunking models of expertise: implications for education
SUMMARY Chunking models offer a parsimonious explanation of how people acquire knowledge and have been validated in domains such as expert behaviour and the acquisition of language. In this paper, weExpand
  • 136
  • 13
  • Open Access
A pattern-recognition theory of search in expert problem solving
This paper examines the implications of the template theory (Gobet & Simon, 1996a), a recent theory of expert memory, on the theory of problem solving in chess. Expand
  • 115
  • 10
  • Open Access
Deliberate practice: Is that all it takes to become an expert?
Twenty years ago, Ericsson, Krampe, and Tesch-Romer (1993) proposed that expert performance reflects a long period of deliberate practice rather than innate ability, or “talent”. Ericsson et al.Expand
  • 211
  • 10
  • Open Access
Expert chess memory: revisiting the chunking hypothesis.
After reviewing the relevant theory on chess expertise, this paper re-examines experimentally the finding of Chase and Simon (1973a) that the differences in ability of chess players at differentExpand
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Recall of random and distorted chess positions: Implications for the theory of expertise
This paper explores the question, important to the theory of expert performance, of the nature and number of chunks that chess experts hold in memory. It examines how memory contents determineExpand
  • 165
  • 9
  • Open Access
The role of domain-specific practice, handedness, and starting age in chess.
The respective roles of the environment and innate talent have been a recurrent question for research into expertise. The authors investigated markers of talent, environment, and critical period forExpand
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  • 9
  • Open Access