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Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study
This paper addresses the question of how technological transitions (TT) come about? Are there particular patterns and mechanisms in transition processes? TT are defined as major, long-termExpand
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Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways
Contributing to debates about transitions and system changes, this article has two aims. First, it uses criticisms on the multi-level perspective as stepping stones for further conceptualExpand
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From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: Insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory
In the last decade ‘sectoral systems of innovation’ have emerged as a new approach in innovation studies. This article makes four contributions to the approach by addressing some open issues. TheExpand
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Strategic niche management and sustainable innovation journeys: theory, findings, research agenda, and policy
  • J. Schot, F. Geels
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Technol. Anal. Strateg. Manag.
  • 1 September 2008
This article discusses empirical findings and conceptual elaborations of the last 10 years in strategic niche management research (SNM). Expand
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Ontologies, socio-technical transitions (to sustainability), and the multi-level perspective
Using recent criticisms and suggestions regarding the multi-level perspective as stepping stones, the article aims to enhance the reflexivity in transition debates regarding social theories. To thatExpand
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Technological Transitions And System Innovations: A Co-evolutionary And Socio-technical Analysis
  • F. Geels
  • Economics, Political Science
  • 30 April 2005
This important book addresses how long term and large scale shifts from one socio-technical system to another come about, using insights from evolutionary economics, sociology of technology andExpand
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A socio-technical analysis of low-carbon transitions: introducing the multi-level perspective into transport studies
Climate change and deep cuts in CO2 emissions require transitions to new kinds of transport systems. To understand the dynamics of these transitions, this paper introduces a socio-technical approachExpand
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Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective
This article investigates transitions at the level of societal functions (e.g., transport, communication, housing). Societal functions are fulfilled by sociotechnical systems, which consist of aExpand
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The dynamics of transitions in socio-technical systems: A multi-level analysis of the transition pathway from horse-drawn carriages to automobiles (1860–1930)
  • F. Geels
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Technol. Anal. Strateg. Manag.
  • 1 December 2005
This article deals with transitions at the level of societal functions such as transportation, communication, housing, health care, supply of resources and supply of energy. Expand
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Regime Resistance against Low-Carbon Transitions: Introducing Politics and Power into the Multi-Level Perspective
While most studies of low-carbon transitions focus on green niche-innovations, this paper shifts attention to the resistance by incumbent regime actors to fundamental change. Drawing on insights fromExpand
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