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An extracellular serine protease of an isolate of Duddingtonia flagrans nematophagous fungus
A serine protease produced by D. flagrans (AC001) has been isolated, which is effective in the in vitro destruction of cyathostomin L3.
Screening and decolorizing potential of enzymes from spent mushroom composts of six different mushrooms
Abstract The production and consumption of mushrooms has increased, resulting in large amount of residue from cultivation, called spent mushroom compost (SMC). This study aimed the active enzymes
[Ovicidal action of a crude enzymatic extract of fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia against Ancylostoma sp eggs].
The crude enzyme extract of Pochonia chlamydosporia was effective at reducing Ancylostoma sp egg eclosion and can be used as biological control of this nematode.
Nematocidal activity of extracellular enzymes produced by the nematophagous fungus Duddingtonia flagrans on cyathostomin infective larvae.
The assay with the cyathostomins showed that chitinase had a nematocidal effect, suggesting that this enzyme acts on the "fungus versus nematodes" infection process.
Enzymatic analysis and in vitro ovicidal effect of Pochonia chlamydosporia and Paecilomyces lilacinus on Oxyuris equi eggs of horses
The results of the present work suggest that P. chlamydosporia and P. lilacinus can be used in the biological control of O. equi eggs.
Activity of the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus and of its proteases on Panagrellus sp. larvae
P. ostreatus (PLO 06) and its proteases were very effective against Panagrellus sp.
The nematophagous fungus Monacrosporium thaumasium and its nematicidal activity on Angiostrongylus vasorum.
The results of this work confirm that the conidia as well as the crude extract of the fungus M. thaumasium may be used to control A. vasorum L1 and suggested the presence of one protease (Mt1) of approximately 40 kDa that in the future might be used in biological control of L1 of this nematode.
In vitro larvicidal action of Paecilomyces marquandii crude extract
Results showed that the optimum pH was 8.0, while the optimum temperature was 60°C, and the optimized extract obtained from P. marquandii exhibited in vitro larvicidal activity with 60.1% reduction.
First report of interaction of nematophagous fungi on Libyostrongylus douglassii (Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae).
Three isolates of the predatory fungi D. flagrans (AC001 and CG722) and A. cladodes (CG719) were efficient at in vitro destruction of the L3 of L. douglassii, a gastrointestinal nematode parasite of ostriches that can cause up to 50% mortality in young birds.
Nematophagous fungi: Far beyond the endoparasite, predator and ovicidal groups
The present study supported the proposed classification of nematophagous fungi into five groups: nematode-trapping/predators, opportunistic or ovicidal, endoparasites, toxin-producing fungi and producers of special attack devices.