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The clinicopathologic spectrum of focal cortical dysplasias: A consensus classification proposed by an ad hoc Task Force of the ILAE Diagnostic Methods Commission 1
Purpose:  Focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) are localized regions of malformed cerebral cortex and are very frequently associated with epilepsy in both children and adults. A broad spectrum ofExpand
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Generalized epileptic discharges show thalamocortical activation and suspension of the default state of the brain.
Our objective was to evaluate the brain regions showing increased and decreased metabolism in patients at the time of generalized bursts of epileptic discharges in order to understand their mechanismExpand
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fMRI activation during spike and wave discharges in idiopathic generalized epilepsy.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the haemodynamic response of the cerebral cortex and thalamus during generalized spike and wave or polyspike and wave (GSW) bursts in patients withExpand
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Intrinsic epileptogenicity of human dysplastic cortex as suggested by corticography and surgical results
Cortical dysplastic lesions (CDyLs) are often associated with severe partial epilepsies. We describe the electrographic counterpart of this high degree of epileptogenicity, manifested by continuousExpand
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High‐frequency electroencephalographic oscillations correlate with outcome of epilepsy surgery
High‐frequency oscillations (HFOs) in the intracerebral electroencephalogram (EEG) have been linked to the seizure onset zone (SOZ). We investigated whether HFOs can delineate epileptogenic areasExpand
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Interictal high‐frequency oscillations (80–500 Hz) are an indicator of seizure onset areas independent of spikes in the human epileptic brain
Purpose:  High‐frequency oscillations (HFOs) known as ripples (80–250 Hz) and fast ripples (250–500 Hz) can be recorded from macroelectrodes inserted in patients with intractable focal epilepsy. TheyExpand
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Different structures involved during ictal and interictal epileptic activity in malformations of cortical development: an EEG-fMRI study.
Malformations of cortical development (MCDs) are commonly complicated by intractable focal epilepsy. Epileptogenesis in these disorders is not well understood and may depend on the type of MCD. TheExpand
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The BOLD Response to Interictal Epileptiform Discharges
We studied single-event and average BOLD responses to EEG interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) in four patients with focal epilepsy, using continuous EEG-fMRI. Expand
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Early childhood prolonged febrile convulsions, atrophy and sclerosis of mesial structures, and temporal lobe epilepsy
We performed MRI volumetric measurements of the amygdala (AM) and hippocampal formation (HF) in a group of 43 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy not controlled by optimal drug treatment. FifteenExpand
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Intracranial electroencephalographic seizure-onset patterns: effect of underlying pathology.
Because seizures originate from different pathological substrates, the question arises of whether distinct or similar mechanisms underlie seizure generation across different pathologies. BetterExpand
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