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Best Practices or Best Guesses? Assessing the Efficacy of Corporate Affirmative Action and Diversity Policies
Employers have experimented with three broad approaches to promoting diversity. Some programs are designed to establish organizational responsibility for diversity, others to moderate managerial bias
The Global Diffusion of Public Policies: Social Construction, Coercion, Competition, or Learning?
Social scientists have sketched four distinct theories to explain a phenomenon that appears to have ramped up in recent years, the diffusion of policies across countries. Constructivists trace policy
Introduction: The International Diffusion of Liberalism
Political scientists, sociologists, and economists have all sought to analyze the spread of economic and political liberalism across countries in recent decades. This article documents this diffusion
Inventing Equal Opportunity
This chapter discusses how Personnel Defined Equal Opportunity and how the Reagan Revolution and the Rise of Diversity Management changed the face of employment in the United States.
Forging Industrial Policy: The United States, Britain, and France in the Railway Age
El objetivo principal de Forging Industrial Policy: The United States, Britain and France in the Railway Age es descubrir y explicar los orígenes históricos de las estrategias industriales de
Equal Opportunity Law and the Construction of Internal Labor Markets
Internal labor markets have been explained with efficiency and control arguments; however, retrospective event-history data from 279 organizations suggest that federal Equal Employment Opportunity
How Affirmative Action Became Diversity Management
How did corporate affirmative action programs become diversity programs? During the 1970s, active federal enforcement of equal employment opportunity (EEO) and affirmative action (AA) law, coupled
The Legalization of the Workplace
This study uses longitudinal data on nearly 300 American employmers over the period 1955-85 to analyze the adoption of disciplinary hearings and grievance procedures for nonunion salaried and hourly
The Strength of a Weak State: The Rights Revolution and the Rise of Human Resources Management Divisions1
Since the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, federal policy has revolutionized employment rights. Equal employment opportunity law, occupational safety and health legislation, and fringe
War and Peace: The Evolution of Modern Personnel Administration in U.S. Industry
This paper charts the transformation of the employment relationship in different industries during the second quarter of this century and is based on a representative sampling of U.S. business