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Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
The psychological and neurobiological processes underlying moral judgement have been the focus of many recent empirical studies. Of central interest is whether emotions play a causal role in moralExpand
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Crime and punishment: Distinguishing the roles of causal and intentional analyses in moral judgment
  • F. Cushman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognition
  • 1 August 2008
Recent research in moral psychology has attempted to characterize patterns of moral judgments of actions in terms of the causal and intentional properties of those actions. The present study directlyExpand
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The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment
Is moral judgment accomplished by intuition or conscious reasoning? An answer demands a detailed account of the moral principles in question. We investigated three principles that guide moralExpand
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A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications
To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of theExpand
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The neural basis of the interaction between theory of mind and moral judgment
Is the basis of criminality an act that causes harm, or an act undertaken with the belief that one will cause harm? The present study takes a cognitive neuroscience approach to investigating howExpand
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Pushing moral buttons: The interaction between personal force and intention in moral judgment
In some cases people judge it morally acceptable to sacrifice one person's life in order to save several other lives, while in other similar cases they make the opposite judgment. Researchers haveExpand
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Action, Outcome, and Value
  • F. Cushman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and social psychology review : an…
  • 1 August 2013
Dual-system approaches to psychology explain the fundamental properties of human judgment, decision making, and behavior across diverse domains. Yet, the appropriate characterization of each systemExpand
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Evolving the Psychological Mechanisms for Cooperation
▪ Abstract Cooperation is common across nonhuman animal taxa, from the hunting of large game in lions to the harvesting of building materials in ants. Theorists have proposed a number of models toExpand
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Expertise in Moral Reasoning? Order Effects on Moral Judgment in Professional Philosophers and Non-Philosophers
We examined the effects of order of presentation on the moral judgments of professional philosophers and two comparison groups. All groups showed similar- sized order effects on their judgments aboutExpand
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Patterns of Moral Judgment Derive From Nonmoral Psychological Representations
We show that the action/omission and means/side-effect distinctions affect nonmoral representations and provide evidence that their role in moral judgment is mediated by these nonmoral psychological representations. Expand
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