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Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
It is shown that six patients with focal bilateral damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPC), a brain region necessary for the normal generation of emotions, produce an abnormally ‘utilitarian’ pattern of judgements on moral dilemmas that pit compelling considerations of aggregate welfare against highly emotionally aversive behaviours.
Crime and punishment: Distinguishing the roles of causal and intentional analyses in moral judgment
  • F. Cushman
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • 1 August 2008
The present study directly compares the roles of consequence, causation, belief and desire in determining moral judgments and proposes an account of these phenomena that distinguishes two processes of moral judgment: one which begins with harmful consequences and seeks a causally responsible agent, and the other which beginning with an action and analyzes the mental states responsible for that action.
The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment
The moral principles used in judgment must be directly compared with those articulated in justification, and doing so shows that some moral principles are available to conscious reasoning whereas others are not.
A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications
To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the
The neural basis of the interaction between theory of mind and moral judgment
The results not only suggest a general role for belief attribution during moral judgment, but also add detail to the understanding of the interaction between these processes at both the neural and behavioral levels.
Pushing moral buttons: The interaction between personal force and intention in moral judgment
A method for controlling for people's real-world expectations in decisions involving potentially unrealistic hypothetical dilemmas is introduced and the influence of personal force on moral judgment is demonstrated, distinguishing it from physical contact and spatial proximity.
Many Labs 2: Investigating Variation in Replicability Across Samples and Settings
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples
Action, Outcome, and Value
  • F. Cushman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Personality and social psychology review : an…
  • 1 August 2013
A broad division between two algorithms for learning and choice derived from formal models of reinforcement learning provides an ideal framework for a dual-system theory in the moral domain.
Expertise in Moral Reasoning? Order Effects on Moral Judgment in Professional Philosophers and Non-Philosophers
We examined the effects of order of presentation on the moral judgments of professional philosophers and two comparison groups. All groups showed similar- sized order effects on their judgments about