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Cancer risk from exposure to galactic cosmic rays: implications for space exploration by human beings.
Space programmes are shifting toward planetary exploration, and in particular towards missions by human beings to the moon and Mars. However, exposure to space radiation is an important barrier toExpand
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Measurements of Energetic Particle Radiation in Transit to Mars on the Mars Science Laboratory
Going to Mars The Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft containing the Curiosity rover, was launched from Earth in November 2011 and arrived at Gale crater on Mars in August 2012. Zeitlin et al. (p.Expand
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Mars’ Surface Radiation Environment Measured with the Mars Science Laboratory’s Curiosity Rover
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on the Mars Science Laboratory’s Curiosity rover began making detailed measurements of the cosmic ray and energetic particle radiation environment on theExpand
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Track-structure codes in radiation research
Monte Carlo track-structure simulation provides a near accurate description of the passage of charge particle in water as a surrogate for biological tissue. Radiation transport codes and Monte CarloExpand
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Radiation exposure from Solar Particle Events (SPE) presents a significant health concern for astronauts for exploration missions outside the protection of the Earth’s magnetic field, which couldExpand
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Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Circulatory Disease from Exposure to Low-Level Ionizing Radiation and Estimates of Potential Population Mortality Risks
Background: Although high doses of ionizing radiation have long been linked to circulatory disease, evidence for an association at lower exposures remains controversial. However, recent analysesExpand
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Induction and quantification of gamma-H2AX foci following low and high LET-irradiation.
PURPOSE To investigate quantitatively the induction and rejoining of DNA double strand breaks (DSB) in V79-4 and xrs-5 Chinese hamster cells and HF19 human fibroblast cells, using the phosphorylationExpand
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Space Radiation Cancer Risk Projections and Uncertainties - 2010
Uncertainties in estimating health risks from galactic cosmic rays greatly limit space mission lengths and potential risk mitigation evaluations. NASA limits astronaut exposures to a 3% risk ofExpand
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How Safe Is Safe Enough? Radiation Risk for a Human Mission to Mars
Astronauts on a mission to Mars would be exposed for up to 3 years to galactic cosmic rays (GCR) — made up of high-energy protons and high charge (Z) and energy (E) (HZE) nuclei. GCR exposure rateExpand
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What happens to your brain on the way to Mars
Animal models reveal an unexpected sensitivity of mature neurons in the brain to the charged particles found in space. As NASA prepares for the first manned spaceflight to Mars, questions haveExpand
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