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A 30-year prospective follow-up study of hyperactive boys with conduct problems: adult criminality.
OBJECTIVE To compare the official arrest records for a large number of hyperactive boys (N = 179), most with conduct problems, and 75 control boys; to examine childhood IQ, socioeconomic status, andExpand
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Prenatal manganese levels linked to childhood behavioral disinhibition.
Although manganese (Mn) is an essential mineral, high concentrations of the metal can result in a neurotoxic syndrome affecting dopamine balance and behavior control. We report an exploratory studyExpand
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Effect of Stimulant Medication on Children with Attention Deficit Disorder: A “Review of Reviews”
The University of California, Irvine ADD Center recently conducted a synthesis of the literature on the use of stimulants with children with attention deficit disorder (ADD), using a unique “reviewExpand
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Fracture epidemiology and control in a developmental center.
During 3.5 years, 182 fractures occurred among 994 residents of a developmental center. The fracture rate was 5.2 per 100 person-years (1.7 times greater than the rate in the US population). FractureExpand
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Effects of neonatal dietary manganese exposure on brain dopamine levels and neurocognitive functions.
Neonatal exposure to high levels of manganese (Mn) has been indirectly implicated as a causal agent in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), since Mn toxicity and ADHD both involveExpand
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Why Children with ADHD Do Not Have Low IQs
The major cognitive deficit of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is impaired executive function (EF), a cognitive component that some theorists believe to be the primaryExpand
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Neurobehavioral evaluation of rhesus monkey infants fed cow's milk formula, soy formula, or soy formula with added manganese.
The possible neurobehavioral effects of excess manganese in soy formula were studied. Male rhesus monkeys (n=8/group) were fed a commercial cow's milk based formula (Control), a commercial soyExpand
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Effect of high dietary manganese intake of neonatal rats on tissue mineral accumulation, striatal dopamine levels, and neurodevelopmental status.
Mn is an essential element, but may become neurotoxic at high levels. Recent reports of high Mn levels in hair of children with neurodevelopmental deficits suggest that these deficits could be due toExpand
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Activating Tasks for the Study of Visual-Spatial Attention in ADHD Children: A Cognitive Anatomic Approach
The clinical label attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggests that this syndrome is a disorder of attention. However, the presumed attentional deficits have not been linked either toExpand
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Psychobiological Influences of Stress and HPA Regulation on the Human Fetus and Infant Birth Outcomes a
There are critical periods during development when profound changes in brain organization can occur.1 These critical periods relate to developmental periods when the brain is undergoingExpand
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