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Finding the missing heritability of complex diseases
Genome-wide association studies have identified hundreds of genetic variants associated with complex human diseases and traits, and have provided valuable insights into their genetic architecture.
Potential etiologic and functional implications of genome-wide association loci for human diseases and traits
TLDR
An online catalog of SNP-trait associations from published genome-wide association studies for use in investigating genomic characteristics of trait/disease-associated SNPs (TASs) is developed, well-suited to guide future investigations of the role of common variants in complex disease etiology.
A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPs
TLDR
The Phase II HapMap is described, which characterizes over 3.1 million human single nucleotide polymorphisms genotyped in 270 individuals from four geographically diverse populations and includes 25–35% of common SNP variation in the populations surveyed, and increased differentiation at non-synonymous, compared to synonymous, SNPs is demonstrated.
Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
TLDR
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility.
Biological, Clinical, and Population Relevance of 95 Loci for Blood Lipids
TLDR
The results identify several novel loci associated with plasma lipids that are also associated with CAD and provide the foundation to develop a broader biological understanding of lipoprotein metabolism and to identify new therapeutic opportunities for the prevention of CAD.
Recurrent de novo point mutations in lamin A cause Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome
TLDR
Evidence of mutations in lamin A (LMNA) as the cause of Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome is presented, and the discovery of the molecular basis of this disease may shed light on the general phenomenon of human ageing.
Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project
TLDR
Functional data from multiple, diverse experiments performed on a targeted 1% of the human genome as part of the pilot phase of the ENCODE Project are reported, providing convincing evidence that the genome is pervasively transcribed, such that the majority of its bases can be found in primary transcripts.
Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome.
TLDR
The results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome are reported and an initial comparative analysis of the Mouse and human genomes is presented, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences.
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
TLDR
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation.
A new initiative on precision medicine.
TLDR
A research initiative that aims to accelerate progress toward a new era of precision medicine, with a near-term focus on cancers and a longer-term aim to generate knowledge applicable to the whole range of health and disease.
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