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Exploring hydrocarbonoclastic bacterial communities in the estuarine surface microlayer
The findings highlight the importance of SML-adapted hydrocarbonoclastic bacterioneuston as a potential source of new PAH-degrading bacteria (including new pseudomonads) with potential use in the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-polluted ecosystems.
Multitaxon activity profiling reveals differential microbial response to reduced seawater pH and oil pollution
In future acidified marine environments, oil hydrocarbon contamination may alter the typical mixotrophic and k‐/r‐strategist composition of surface sediment microbiomes towards a more heterotrophic state with lower doubling rates, thereby impairing the ability of the ecosystem to recover from acute oil contamination events.
Interactive effects of global climate change and pollution on marine microbes: the way ahead
The importance of microbial microcosm experiments, coupled with high-resolution molecular biology techniques, to provide a critical experimental framework to start understanding how climate change, anthropogenic pollution, and microbiological interactions may affect marine ecosystems in the future is highlighted.
Unraveling the interactive effects of climate change and oil contamination on laboratory‐simulated estuarine benthic communities
It is found that increased ocean acidification and oil contamination in the absence of UV-B will significantly alter bacterial composition by, among other things, greatly reducing the relative abundance of Desulfobacterales, known to be important oil hydrocarbon degraders.
Effects of Monospecific Banks of Salt Marsh Vegetation on Sediment Bacterial Communities
The results indicate that microbial colonization and organic matter decomposition are enhanced under the influence of salt marsh plants and confirm that plant coverage is a major determinant of the processes of organic matter recycling in intertidal estuarine sediments.
Sediment depth and habitat as predictors of the diversity and composition of sediment bacterial communities in an inter-tidal estuarine environment
Saltmarshes, seagrass meadows and mudflats are key habitats in estuarine ecosystems. Despite being involved in key ecological processes, the influence of different estuarine habitats on sediment
Relation between bacterial activity in the surface microlayer and estuarine hydrodynamics.
The integration of microbiological results with environmental and hydrological variables shows that strong currents in the marine zone promote the vertical mixing, inhibiting the establishment of an SML bacterial community distinct from that of UW.
The sponge microbiome within the greater coral reef microbial metacommunity
An extensive survey of the prokaryote communities of a wide range of biotopes from Indo-Pacific coral reef environments finds a large variation in operational taxonomic unit (OTU) richness, with algae, chitons, stony corals and sea cucumbers housing the most diverse prokarian communities.