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Modulation of brain plasticity in stroke: a novel model for neurorehabilitation
Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques can be used to monitor and modulate the excitability of intracortical neuronal circuits. Long periods of cortical stimulation can produce lastingExpand
I-wave origin and modulation
The human motor cortex can be activated by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) evoking a high-frequency repetitive discharge of corticospinal neurones. The exact physiologic mechanisms producingExpand
Modulation of motor cortex neuronal networks by rTMS: comparison of local and remote effects of six different protocols of stimulation.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of human motor cortex can produce long-lasting changes in the excitability of excitatory and inhibitory neuronal networks. The effects of rTMSExpand
Modulating cortical excitability in acute stroke: A repetitive TMS study
OBJECTIVE Changes in cerebral cortex excitability have been demonstrated after a stroke and are considered relevant for recovery. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the brain canExpand
Origin of facilitation of motor-evoked potentials after paired magnetic stimulation: direct recording of epidural activity in conscious humans.
A magnetic transcranial conditioning stimulus given over the motor cortex at intensities below active threshold for obtaining motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) facilitates EMG responses evoked at restExpand
Does exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields produce functional changes in human brain?
Behavioral and neurophysiological changes have been reported after exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) both in animals and in humans. The physiological bases of these effectsExpand
Neurobiological after-effects of non-invasive brain stimulation
BACKGROUND In recent years, many studies have evaluated the effects of noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques for the treatment of several neurological and psychiatric disorders. PositiveExpand
Val66Met BDNF Gene Polymorphism Influences Human Motor Cortex Plasticity in Acute Stroke
BACKGROUND BDNF gene polymorphism impacts human motor cortex function and plasticity. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), we investigated whether BDNF polymorphismExpand
Val66Met BDNF Polymorphism Implies a Different Way to Recover From Stroke Rather Than a Worse Overall Recoverability
In search for individualized predictors of stroke recovery, the Val66Met polymorphism of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is attracting great interest, because it has a negative impact onExpand
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for ALS.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease affecting upper and lower motor neurons characterized by progressive weakness, respiratory failure and death within 3-5Expand