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Earliest human occupations at Dmanisi (Georgian Caucasus) dated to 1.85–1.78 Ma
The early Pleistocene colonization of temperate Eurasia by Homo erectus was not only a significant biogeographic event but also a major evolutionary threshold. Dmanisi's rich collection of homininExpand
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Solubilities of bone mineral from archaeological sites: the recrystallization window
Abstract Bone mineral solubility is an important parameter for understanding the preservation of bones in the archaeological and palaeontological records. In this study we have measured theExpand
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Microstratigraphic evidence of in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape province, South Africa
The ability to control fire was a crucial turning point in human evolution, but the question when hominins first developed this ability still remains. Here we show that micromorphological and FourierExpand
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Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Micromorphological analysis of sediments from the Middle Stone Age site of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, provides a high-resolution sequence and evidence of site formation processes ofExpand
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Bat guano and preservation of archaeological remains in cave sites
The formation of authigenic minerals in cave sediments can be used to reconstruct the paleochemical conditions that prevailed in the past, and in this way to assess the completeness of theExpand
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Middle Stone Age Bedding Construction and Settlement Patterns at Sibudu, South Africa
Early humans constructed sleeping mats from local plants, including some with insecticidal properties. The Middle Stone Age (MSA) is associated with early behavioral innovations, expansions of modernExpand
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Stone tools and foraging in northern Madagascar challenge Holocene extinction models
Past research on Madagascar indicates that village communities were established about AD 500 by people of both Indonesian and East African heritage. Evidence of earlier visits is scattered andExpand
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Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans
A key event in human evolution is the expansion of modern humans of African origin across Eurasia between 60 and 40 thousand years (kyr) before present (bp), replacing all other forms of hominins.Expand
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Sediments exposed to high temperatures: reconstructing pyrotechnological processes in Late Bronze and Iron Age Strata at Tel Dor (Israel)
Many of the sediments analysed from Tel Dor (Israel) show structural alterations indicating that they were exposed to high temperatures. This observation is consistent with the abundant evidence forExpand
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Micromorphology and context
Abstract Context is an important concept in archaeology, although the term tends to have a variety of meanings to different people. In this brief note we illustrate how context can be considered at aExpand
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