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Earliest human occupations at Dmanisi (Georgian Caucasus) dated to 1.85–1.78 Ma
TLDR
The secure age for D manisi's first occupations reveals that Eurasia was probably occupied before Homo erectus appears in the East African fossil record, and shows that the southern Caucasus was occupied repeatedly before Dmanisi's hominin fossil assemblage accumulated.
Microstratigraphic evidence of in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape province, South Africa
TLDR
Micromorphological and Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy analyses of intact sediments at the site of Wonderwerk Cave provide unambiguous evidence—in the form of burned bone and ashed plant remains—that burning took place in the cave during the early Acheulean occupation, approximately 1.0 Ma.
Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Micromorphological analysis of sediments from the Middle Stone Age site of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, provides a high-resolution sequence and evidence of site formation processes of
Stone tools and foraging in northern Madagascar challenge Holocene extinction models
TLDR
The evidence shows that foragers with a microlithic technology were active in Madagascar long before the arrival of farmers and herders and before many Late Holocene faunal extinctions.
Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans
TLDR
Manot 1 is the only modern human specimen to provide evidence that during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic interface, both modern humans and Neanderthal contemporaneously inhabited the southern Levant, close in time to the likely interbreeding event with Neanderthals.
Middle Stone Age Bedding Construction and Settlement Patterns at Sibudu, South Africa
TLDR
The Middle Stone Age (MSA) is associated with early behavioral innovations, expansions of modern humans within and out of Africa, and occasional population bottlenecks and may coincide with population fluctuations in Africa.
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