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Tetanus and botulinum-B neurotoxins block neurotransmitter release by proteolytic cleavage of synaptobrevin
CLOSTRIDIAL neurotoxins, including tetanus toxin and the seven serotypes of botulinum toxin (A–G), are produced as single chains and cleaved to generate toxins with two chains joined by a singleExpand
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The synapsins: Key actors of synapse function and plasticity
The synapsins are a family of neuronal phosphoproteins evolutionarily conserved in invertebrate and vertebrate organisms. Their best-characterised function is to modulate neurotransmitter release atExpand
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Neurotrophins stimulate phosphorylation of synapsin I by MAP kinase and regulate synapsin I-actin interactions.
The ability of neurotrophins to modulate the survival and differentiation of neuronal populations involves the Trk/MAP (mitogen-activated protein kinase) kinase signaling pathway. More recently,Expand
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Synaptic recruitment of gephyrin regulates surface GABAA receptor dynamics for the expression of inhibitory LTP
Postsynaptic long-term potentiation of inhibition (iLTP) can rely on increased GABAA receptors (GABAARs) at synapses by promoted exocytosis. However, the molecular mechanisms that enhance theExpand
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The Inhibitory Effects of Interleukin‐6 on Synaptic Plasticity in the Rat Hippocampus Are Associated with an Inhibition of Mitogen‐Activated Protein Kinase ERK
Several cytokines have short‐term effects on synaptic transmission and plasticity that are thought to be mediated by the activation of intracellular protein kinases. We have studied the effects ofExpand
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Neuronal nitric-oxide synthase localization mediated by a ternary complex with synapsin and CAPON
The specificity of the reactions of nitric oxide (NO) with its neuronal targets is determined in part by the precise localizations of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) within the cell. The targeting ofExpand
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Botulinum neurotoxins serotypes A and E cleave SNAP‐25 at distinct COOH‐terminal peptide bonds
SNAP‐25, a membrane‐associated protein of the nerve terminal, is specifically cleaved by botulinum neurotoxins serotypes A and E, which cause human and animal botulism by blocking neurotransmitterExpand
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SYN1 loss-of-function mutations in autism and partial epilepsy cause impaired synaptic function.
Several genes predisposing to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) with or without epilepsy have been identified, many of which are implicated in synaptic function. Here we report a Q555X mutation inExpand
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Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase type IIα is responsible for the phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase activity associated with synaptic vesicles
Phosphorylation of inositol phospholipids plays a key role in cellular regulation via the generation of intracellular second messengers. In addition, it represents a mechanism to regulateExpand
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Synaptophysin: leading actor or walk-on role in synaptic vesicle exocytosis?
Synaptophysin (Syp) was the first synaptic vesicle (SV) protein to be cloned. Since its discovery in 1985, it has been used by us and by many laboratories around the world as an invaluable marker toExpand
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