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Maternal and child health in Brazil: progress and challenges
TLDR
Official statistics show stable maternal mortality ratios during the past 10 years, but modelled data indicate a yearly decrease of 4%, a trend which might not have been noticeable in official reports because of improvements in death registration and the increased number of investigations into deaths of women of reproductive age. Expand
International standards for newborn weight, length, and head circumference by gestational age and sex: the Newborn Cross-Sectional Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project
TLDR
International anthropometric standards to assess newborn size that are intended to complement the WHO Child Growth Standards and allow comparisons across multiethnic populations are developed. Expand
Explaining trends in inequities: evidence from Brazilian child health studies
TLDR
Time trends for inequity ratios for morbidity and mortality, which were consistent with the hypothesis, showed both improvements and deterioration over time, despite the indicators showing absolute improvements in health status between rich and poor. Expand
Congenital Zika virus syndrome in Brazil: a case series of the first 1501 livebirths with complete investigation
TLDR
Because many definite or probable cases present normal head circumference values and their mothers do not report having a rash, screening criteria must be revised in order to detect all affected newborn babies. Expand
Health conditions and health-policy innovations in Brazil: the way forward
TLDR
Important improvements in health status and life expectancy are reported, which can be ascribed largely to progress in social determinants of health and to implementation of a comprehensive national health system with strong social participation. Expand
Low birthweight, preterm births and intrauterine growth retardation in relation to maternal smoking.
TLDR
The effect of maternal smoking on low birthweight seems to be attributable to intrauterine growth retardation rather than preterm delivery, and there was a direct dose-response association between the number of cigarettes smoked and the risk ofgrowth retardation. Expand
Risk of childhood undernutrition related to small-for-gestational age and preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries.
TLDR
It is estimated that childhood undernutrition may have its origins in the foetal period, suggesting a need to intervene early, ideally during pregnancy, with interventions known to reduce FGR and preterm birth. Expand
International standards for fetal growth based on serial ultrasound measurements: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project
TLDR
These international fetal growth standards for babies up to age 5 years are recommended for the clinical interpretation of routinely taken ultrasound measurements and for comparisons across populations. Expand
Infant-feeding patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in young adulthood: data from five cohorts in low- and middle-income countries
TLDR
There was no evidence that longer duration of breastfeeding is protective against adult hypertension, diabetes or overweight/adiposity in these low-/middle-income populations and further research is required to determine whether ‘exclusive’ breastfeeding may be protective. Expand
Recent trends in maternal, newborn, and child health in Brazil: progress toward Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5.
TLDR
This analysis of Brazil's efforts in reducing child mortality, improving maternal and child health, and reducing socioeconomic and regional inequalities from 1990 through 2007 provides compelling evidence that proactive measures to reduce health disparities accompanied by socioeconomic progress can result in measurable improvements in the health of children and mothers. Expand
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