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Conflict resolution following aggression in gregarious animals: a predictive framework
Knowledge of how animals manage their conflicts is critical for understanding the dynamics of social systems. During the last two decades research on gregarious animals, especially primates, has…
Renewed interest in fission‐fusion dynamics is due to the recognition that such dynamics may create unique challenges for social interaction and distinctive selective pressures acting on underlying…
The evolution of self-control
- E. MacLean, B. Hare, Yini Zhao
- Psychology, BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 21 April 2014
It is suggested that increases in absolute brain size provided the biological foundation for evolutionary increases in self-control, and implicate species differences in feeding ecology as a potential selective pressure favoring these skills.
A modest proposal: displacement activities as an indicator of emotions in primates
Post-conflict anxiety in nonhuman primates: The mediating role of emotion in conflict resolution
- F. Aureli
During the last two decades, much research has focused on the mechanisms used by nonhuman primates for conflict resolution. Reconciliation, i.e., a friendly reunion between former opponents, has been…
Reciprocal Altruism in Primates: Partner Choice, Cognition, and Emotions
This chapter reviews some of the recent work on altruism in primates and discusses the various ways of demonstrating the occurrence of reciprocal altruism, and argues that partner choice may have played a largerole in the evolution of primate reciprocity.
Fission-Fusion Dynamics, Behavioral Flexibility, and Inhibitory Control in Primates
Functional aspects of reconciliation among captive long‐tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)
It is suggested that reconciliation can be an effective means to reduce the victim's acute stress and that its function in repairing social relationships can partly be mediated by its physiological effects.
Stress reduction through consolation in chimpanzees
- Orlaith N. Fraser, D. Ståhl, F. Aureli
- Biology, PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 24 June 2008
It is shown that consolation in chimpanzees reduces behavioral measures of stress in recipients of aggression and was more likely to occur in the absence of reconciliation, i.e., postconflict affiliative interaction between former opponents.
Consolation, reconciliation, and a possible cognitive difference between macaques and chimpanzees
It is suggested that pair-bonded primates, like gibbons and titi monkeys, would engage in post-conflict affiliation with their mates after conflicts with outsiders, and this prediction could be tested in pair- bonding primates, and in the many species of pair-Bonded birds.