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  • D Collen, F De Cock, J M Stassen
  • Circulation
  • 1993
BACKGROUND Streptokinase is a routinely used thrombolytic agent that is immunogenic and relatively inefficient toward platelet-rich thrombus, whereas staphylokinase is a poorly studied fibrinolytic agent. Here, the comparative immunogenicity and thrombolytic properties toward arterial platelet-rich thrombus and venous whole blood clots of streptokinase and(More)
The pharmacokinetics of recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) were studied in 20 subjects during and after its i.v. infusion at three different rates (5.6, 8.3, and 10 micrograms/kg/min). Steady-state plasma concentrations of 0.9 to 1.6 micrograms/ml were reached. The plasma disappearance curves of rt-PA (both antigen and activity)(More)
Induction of an immune response is strongly dependent on the phylogenetic distance between antigen and recipient. In general, antibodies will not be raised against self-antigens nor against highly conserved domains. In the present study we describe the production and characterization of murine monoclonal "auto-antibodies" against murine tissue-type(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant staphylokinase offers promise for thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction, but it is immunogenic. Although reduced immunogenicity of heterologous proteinaceous drugs by protein engineering has not previously been reported, an attempt was made to achieve this in staphylokinase by site-specific mutagenesis. METHODS AND(More)
The metabolism of human antithrombin III (heparin cofactor) was studied in four control subjects, in four subjects with peripheral obliterative arterial disease, in six patients with recent venous thrombosis and in one patient with clinically severe haemophilia A. The labelled antithrombin III has a high specific activity (5.75 units/mg) and displayed a(More)
The turnover of recombinant pro-urokinase (Rec-pro-UK), recombinant urokinase (Rec-UK) and natural urinary urokinase (Nat-UK) was studied in rabbits and in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Following intravenous injection, urokinase activity disappeared rapidly from the blood. The initial disappearance rate could be described by a single exponential term(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrin generation during and after therapy with alteplase may depend on the level of concomitant anticoagulation. The hypothesis that fibrinopeptide A (FPA) levels, as markers of ongoing in vivo fibrin formation, correlate with the angiographic and clinical outcome of thrombolysis is tested. METHODS AND RESULTS Serial plasma FPA levels were(More)
A potential synergic effect of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA) or urokinase on clot lysis was investigated in a whole human plasma system in vitro. The system consisted of a human plasma clot labeled with 125I-fibrinogen, immersed in citrated whole human plasma, to which the thrombolytic(More)
In a quantitative model of thrombolysis, consisting of rabbits with a 125I-fibrin labeled blood clot in the jugular vein, simultaneous intravenous infusion over 4 hours of t-PA and scu-PA or of t-PA and urokinase had a significantly greater (p less than 0.01) thrombolytic effect than could be anticipated on the basis of the added effects of each agent(More)
Recombinant chimaeric molecules between tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and single chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA) or two chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (tcu-PA) have intact enzymatic properties of scu-PA or tcu-PA towards natural and synthetic substrates (Nelles et al., J. Biol Chem 1987; 262: 10855-10862). In the(More)