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Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) stimulated rapid (seconds) hydrolysis of sphingomyelin in HL-60 cells, formation of phosphocholine (PCho) and a decrease in choline. The response to TNF alpha was concentration dependent with a maximal effect at 3-10 nM. The monoclonal antibody (mAb), htr-9, which behaves as an agonist at the 55 kDa subtype of the TNF(More)
Activation of human platelets by cross-linking of the platelet low-affinity IgG receptor, the Fc gamma receptor IIA (Fc gamma-RIIA), or by collagen is associated with rapid phosphorylation on tyrosine of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase syk. Phosphorylation is still observed, albeit sometimes reduced, in the presence of a combination of a protein kinase C(More)
The effect of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) on superoxide generation in human neutrophils was investigated using the Nitro Blue Tetrazolium reduction assay. TNF alpha stimulated superoxide generation in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion. The maximally effective concentration of TNF alpha for superoxide generation was 10 nM and maximal(More)
The sulphydryl reagent phenylarsine oxide (PAO) (1 microM) inhibited completely formation of inositol phosphates in human platelets induced by collagen or by cross-linking of the platelet low affinity Fc receptor, F c gamma RIIA, but did not alter the response to the G protein receptor agonist thrombin. PAO also inhibited completely tyrosine phosphorylation(More)
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