F . X . Glocker

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Self-mutilation occurs in 70-80% of patients who meet DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder. Approximately 60% of these patients report that they do not feel pain during acts of self-mutilation such as cutting or burning. Findings of recent studies measuring pain perception in patients with BPD are difficult to interpret since variables such(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an established neurophysiological tool to evaluate the integrity and maturation of the corticospinal tract. TMS was used in this study to compare intracortical inhibition (ICI) in children, adolescents, and adults. The paired-pulse technique of TMS with interstimulus intervals of 2 ms was used to determine the(More)
Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation of the hand-associated motor cortex was used to study normal healthy preschool children (n = 7; mean age, 4.6 years) and adults (n = 7; mean age, 29.4 years) under the conditions of standardized tonic voluntary contraction of small hand muscles. Callosally mediated inhibitory as well as corticospinally mediated(More)
Little is known about nociceptive reflex mechanisms in the upper limb in humans. To investigate nociceptive effects on spinal motoneurone excitability, a conditioning noxious stimulus was applied to the index finger of five healthy subjects. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) following contralateral transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were recorded from(More)
The sites of the central nervous structures involved in enhanced physiological tremor (EPT) are still unclear. The syndrome of persistent mirror movements (PMM) is characterized by abnormal bilateral corticospinal projections. If a supraspinal mechanism is involved in EPT, the activity of EPT should be coherent between both sides in subjects with this(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of distinct muscle groups organized in a stereotyped manner ("muscle synergies") is thought to underlie the production of movement by the vertebrate spinal cord. This results in movement with minimum effort and maximum efficiency. The question of how the vertebrate nervous system inhibits ongoing muscle activity is central to the study(More)
Using magnetic stimulation techniques in addition to conventional electrical stimulation, the entire facial motor pathway can be assessed electrophysiologically. To study the diagnostic yield of these examinations, 174 patients with facial palsies of a variety of etiologies were examined (85 Bell's palsies, 24 Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), 19 Lyme(More)
Facial nerve motor neurography was performed at various times after the onset of Bell's palsy in 97 patients. Stimulation of the facial nerve was performed (1) electrically in the fossa stylomastoidea (ElStim), and (2) magnetically in the labryinthine segment of the facial canal (MagStim), evaluating different coil positions over the skull. Additionally,(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin B12 deficiency is a systemic disease that often affects the nervous system. One of the most prevalent manifestations is subacute combined degeneration (SCD) of the spinal cord. To access the clinical, electrophysiological, and structural abnormalities associated with SCD, a study was conducted in nine patients. METHODS Clinical,(More)
The excitability of motoneurons controlling upper limb muscles in humans may vary with cutaneous nerve stimulation. We investigated the effect of noxious and non-noxious conditioning stimuli applied to right and left digit II and right digit V on motor evoked potentials (MEPs) recorded from right thenar eminence, abductor digiti minimi, biceps and triceps(More)