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The transparent Zinc Oxide (ZnO) thin films were deposited by multi-step sol-gel method and the effect of sol concentration on structural, morphological and optical properties were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to characterize structures and morphologies of the as-deposited films. The(More)
We analyzed the different cold-resistance species Spiraea trichocarpa Nakai and Spiraea bumalda ‘Goldmound’ for low-temperature protein expression, protein types identification, and investigated the cold resistance mechanisms under different levels of low temperature by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry. An average of 668 and(More)
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