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Practical and theoretical considerations that apply when aiming to formulate by ultrasonication very small nanoemulsions (particle diameter up to 150 nm) with very high stability are presented and discussed. The droplet size evolution during sonication can be described by a monoexponential function of the sonication time, the characteristic time scale(More)
Quantum dots (QD) are inorganic nanocrystals with outstanding optical properties, specially suited for biological imaging applications. Their attachment to biomolecules in mild aqueous conditions for the design of bioconjugates is therefore highly desirable. 1,3-dipolar [3 + 2] cycloaddition between azides and terminal alkynes ("click chemistry") could(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) coated by a poly(oxyethylene) polymer have been manufactured from low cost and human use-approved materials, by an easy, robust, and up-scalable process. The incorporation in the formulation of maleimide-grafted surfactants allows the functionalization of the lipid cargos by targeting ligands such as the cRGD peptide binding to(More)
Fluorescence is a very promising radioactive-free technique for functional imaging in small animals and, in the future, in humans. However, most commercial near-infrared dyes display poor optical properties, such as low fluorescence quantum yields and short fluorescence lifetimes. In this paper, we explore whether the encapsulation of infrared cyanine dyes(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) have been designed based on low cost and human-use approved excipients, and manufactured by an easy, robust, and up-scalable process. Fluid colloidal dispersions or gel viscous formulations of highly stable nanoparticles (more than 12 month stability is achieved for some formulations) can be obtained. Their physicochemical(More)
The use of fluorescent nanostructures can bring several benefits on the signal to background ratio for in vitro microscopy, in vivo small animal imaging, and image-guided surgery. Fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) display outstanding optical properties, with high brightness and low photobleaching rate. However, because of their toxic element core composition(More)
Fluorescence imaging is opening a new era in image-guided surgery and other medical applications. The only FDA approved contrast agent in the near infrared is IndoCyanine Green (ICG), which despites its low toxicity, displays poor chemical and optical properties for long-term and sensitive imaging applications in human. Lipid nanoparticles are investigated(More)
A new approach of "laboratory on a chip" (LOC) devoted to organic synthesis based on electrically operated ionic liquid microdroplets used as air-stable "soft" microreactors was recently introduced. A number of challenging issues have yet to be addressed to allow standard macroscale organic chemistry to be directly transposed in these nonclassical(More)
To improve the sensitivity of fluorescence detection in DNA microarrays, the use of silicon nanostructures based on chemical vapor deposition (CVD) processes adopted for the growth of rough polycrystalline silicon was investigated. These substrates present advantages of two main properties which could lead to an enhancement of the fluorescence detection,(More)